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LINDA WERTHEIMER, host:

Tonight, five new performers will be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. This morning, we conclude our series on the famous five.

From member station WCPN, David C. Barnett has the story of a Tin Pan Alley songwriter who became one of the country's most popular concert performers.

DAVID C. BARNETT: A brooding young man sat in the offices of a prominent New York music publishing company one day, in the early 1960s. Sitting next to him was one of Aldon Musics staff songwriters, Cynthia Weil. And she recalls that this guy wasnt sure about who he was. He wasnt even sure about his own name.

Ms. CYNTHIA WEIL (Songwriter): I said, why would you change a name like Neil Diamond? Thats beautiful. He says, Diamond. Diamond, you think thats beautiful? I said, Yeah, its Diamond. He said, Oh, I dont know.

BARNETT: Neil Diamond did know that he wasnt interested his pre-med studies. He spent most of his class time jotting down song ideas.

(Soundbite of music, "A Good Kind of Lonely")

BARNETT: Diamond tried recording demos of his tunes, but they always ended up sounding like half-baked versions of the Everly Brothers or Buddy Holly.

(Soundbite of song, "A Good Kind of Lonely")

Mr. NEIL DIAMOND (Singer-Songwriter): (Singing) When we say goodnight, I get to feeling blue. Uh-huh. Im holey when you leave me. Ah-all alone, yeah...

BARNETT: In a 2005 interview with WHYYs FRESH AIR, Diamond admitted that he wasnt any good at emulating someone elses voice and experience in a song.

Mr. DIAMOND: Thats probably why I spent eight years down there in Tin Pan Alley and had very little success. There was not a lot of me in those songs.

BARNETT: Success finally came in 1966, when Diamond got the chance to give voice to his own words and music.

(Soundbite of song, "Solitary Man")

Mr. DIAMOND: (Singing) Melinda was mine 'til the time that I found her, holding Jim, loving him...

"Solitary Man" was the first of a long line of me-songs, my experience songs.

(Singing) Don't know that I will but until I can find me, the girl who'll stay and won't play games behind me, I'll be what I am, a solitary man, solitary man...

BARNETT: But to express the "me" in your songs, youve got to keep coming up with new things to say. In 2008, Diamond wrote that he feels a sense of dread when it comes time to make a new album; a sense of doubt as to whether hes going to be able to write a decent set of songs.

Cynthia Weil says every songwriter fears that but in a way, shes lucky not to be the one singing her own words.

Ms. WEIL: The great thing is, if you dont write a hit, nobody cares and nobody knows. Youre not like the artist who's going down in flames. Its basically our job to stay in the background. You know, sometimes you feel, gee, I want to say thats my song. But its not the way it is.

BARNETT: Neil Sedaka started his career in the background, writing songs for others, but he says he only really found himself when he started performing his own material. He thinks audiences know the difference.

Mf. NEIL SEDAKA (Singer-Songwriter): People can sense when the song comes from their gut, when the lyrics and melody come from their gut.

BARNETT: Sedakas also an old friend of Neil Diamond. In fact, they both grew up in the same Brooklyn neighborhood, and have made careers out of singing their own songs. But he says the price for being yourself is you always have to top yourself.

Mr. SEDAKA: You know, that blank page is always scary. But certainly, if you have a history of as many hits as he, you do have to do something that raises the bar.

(Soundbite of song, "Sweet Caroline")

BARNETT: Over nearly half a century, Neil Diamond has placed more than 70 songs on the pop charts.

(Soundbite of song, "Sweet Caroline")

Mr. DIAMOND: (Singing) Where it began, I can't begin to knowing. But then I know it's growing strong...

BARNETT: And though he may not always know where that next song is going to come from, hes come a long way from the days when he wasnt even sure who he wanted to be.

For NPR News, Im David C. Barnett in Cleveland.

(Soundbite of song, "Sweet Caroline")

Mr. DIAMOND: (Singing) Sweet Caroline...

WERTHEIMER: There's more about this year's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees at NPRMusic.org.

This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Im Linda Wertheimer.

RENEE MONTAGNE, host:

And Im Renee Montagne.

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