ROBERT SIEGEL, host:
From NPR news, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.
Japanese authorities are racing to contain two parallel crises. One, a potential meltdown at the crippled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. The other is the humanitarian crisis caused by last week's earthquake and tsunami. Crews continued to dig through the rubble for bodies of the missing. Almost half a million people remain homeless. Gasoline and food are in short supply across much of the country. Many factories and businesses remain shut. And there are rolling electricity blackouts across the country.
And NPR's Jason Beaubien has the latest from northeastern Japan.
JASON BEAUBIEN: The town of Noda used to sit on the Pacific Coast near the top of the main island of Japan. And it used to sit behind a massive tsunami wall. But the waves following the 9.0 earthquake on March 11th obliterated that concrete barrier. The pounding water flattened much of Noda. The coastal plain is now an expanse of mud, pulverized houses, twisted light poles, and snapped tree trunks.
In some places the piles of debris are more than two stories high. Battered cars are mixed into heaps of splintered plywood, household appliances and silty muck.
Mr. JUN OSHITA: (Foreign language spoken)
BEAUBIEN: Jun Oshita holds a single red and black tennis shoe. His 73-year-old mother, Kuni, was trapped in the waves and died here in Noda. Oshita says he came to search for memories of his family but all he found is this shoe.
I don't even have a photo of her, a picture, a portrait, nothing, he says.
His mother is one of the 27 confirmed dead in this town of 5,000 people.
(Soundbite of heavy machinery)
BEAUBIEN: Local officials say the death toll was relatively low because the tsunami took longer to reach here in the north and residents had time to flee to higher ground.
Mr. ODA UGI (Head, Emergency Management, Noda): (Foreign language spoken)
BEAUBIEN: Oda Ugi, the head of emergency management with the local government, says people here are accustomed to earthquakes and tsunamis. He says they know if a quake hits they should immediately move up into the hills. About 400 homes were destroyed in Noda by the tsunami, most of them completely obliterated from their foundations. Municipal workers and volunteers are now working to clear the debris.
Several hundred yards inland from the coast, a supermarket was inundated with mud and seawater. The owners are now selling rice crackers and canned drinks from makeshift benches next to their old store.
There's still no electricity in much of Noda, and gasoline is extremely difficult to find. Throughout most of northern Japan, gas stations have run out of fuel. At a station just outside Noda, Amiko Takahashi says the station closed immediately after the quake because there was no power to run the gas pumps.
Ms. AMIKO TAKAHASHI (Owner, Gas Station): (Foreign language spoken)
BEAUBIEN: She says when she finally opened on Monday she sold all her fuel in two hours. And like so many other gas-station attendants right now in Japan, she's been waiting ever since for a truck to come refill her tanks.
(Soundbite of heavy machinery)
BEAUBIEN: Back in the town of Noda, Chie Nakajo is helping to clean the mud and debris out of her family's fish shop. Seawater rose all the way above the counters and glass display cases of the store, destroying just about everything inside. But the building, Nakajo says, appears to be structurally sound.
Splattered in mud, Nakajo says the gas crisis is making things very difficult right now.
Ms. CHIE NAKAJO (Shop Owner): (Foreign language spoken)
BEAUBIEN: We need the means, the people and the vehicles to deliver the fuel, Nakajo says, and all of these things have been disrupted by the quake.
There's also been a dire shortage of kerosene, which most people here use to heat their homes. In addition to the earthquake, aftershocks and tsunami, the area has also been hit intermittently with snow.
Ms. NAKAJO: We can't predict the future, Nakojo says, we don't know if we can regain our footing. This is a very unsettling time. But ultimately, she says, she believes Noda and the rest of Japan will recover.
Jason Beaubien, NPR News, northeastern Japan.