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MELISSA BLOCK, host:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Melissa Block.

For weeks now, we've been riveted by the unrest in Libya, but for the next few minutes, we're going to focus on the three decades-long rule of another African dictator several thousand miles south of Tripoli. A new book by journalist Peter Godwin called "The Fear" sheds light on what's been happening in Zimbabwe under President Robert Mugabe.

Susan Jane Gilman says the book is as compelling as it is dispiriting.

SUSAN J. GILMAN: When I teach writing, I remind students that real villains aren't like cartoons. They don't cackle: When my evil plan succeeds, the world will be mine.

But after reading Peter Godwin's harrowing book, "The Fear: Robert Mugabe and the Martyrdom of Zimbabwe," I'm not so sure.

Godwin grew up in what had been Rhodesia. He witnessed the war of liberation and Mugabe's rise to power. He saw Zimbabwe flourish, then curdle.

Eventually, Godwin left. But three years ago, the nation held supposedly fair and free elections. Although Mugabe tried to rig them, he was defeated. Godwin raced home, he writes, to dance on Robert Mugabe's political grave.

But Mugabe wasn't going anywhere. For weeks, he suppressed election results, then insisted on a runoff between himself and winning opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai. While Mugabe stalled, he mobilized militias to unleash a wholesale campaign of torture, imprisonment and death against the opposition party, known as the MDC.

Everyone was targeted. Candidates elected to parliament, farmers, housewives, even children and babies who simply lived in villages where the MDC won a majority, were tortured and killed.

Dubbed Operation Let Us Finish Them Off, there was nothing covert or nuanced about it.

Instead of writing a political obituary, Godwin found himself keeping a body count in the midst of a politicide.

Politicide is the practice of wiping out an entire political movement, he writes. The murders here are accompanied by torture and rape on an industrial scale, committed on a catch-and-release basis. When those who survive, terribly injured, limp home or are carried or pushed in wheelbarrows or on the backs of pickup trucks, they act like human billboards, advertising the appalling consequences of opposition to the tyranny. The people of Zimbabwe named the campaign simply The Fear.

As a native, Godwin was able to go where few journalists could: to clinics where torture victims were treated, to remote villages, decaying safari parks and some of the few remaining white-owned properties in the country.

In the hands of a less talented writer, "The Fear" could become simply too painful to read. But while Godwin spares us nothing, he writes with such compassion, poetry and ironic humor that you cannot put his book down.

Often, he wondered what he was doing in Zimbabwe. Although he finds the phrase pretentious, he realized he was bearing witness so that people's suffering will not have happened in vain.

We can only hope - but Godwin has done them justice. "The Fear" is a visceral masterpiece. It's illuminating, infuriating and informative. And its implications extend far beyond Zimbabwe - to the northern end of the continent and beyond.

"The Fear" is as important a book as we can read right now. It makes each and every one of us a witness.

BLOCK: The book is called "The Fear" by Peter Godwin. Our reviewer, Susan Jane Gilman, is the author of "Undress Me in the Temple of Heaven."

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