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The International Monetary Fund is looking for a new leader. The institution's former head, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, resigned last week after being charged with sexual assault in New York. One of the top candidates is also French: Christine Lagarde, that country's finance minister, who officially announced her candidacy for the IMF today. Eleanor Beardsley sends this profile.
ELEANOR BEARDSLEY: Appointed by President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007, Christine Lagarde is the first woman ever to head the economic affairs of a G8 economy. Though she got off to a shaky start in her relations with the French media, she came into her own during the world economic crisis. Greg Viscusi, a reporter with Bloomberg News, follows Lagarde in the European financial world.
Mr. GREG VISCUSI (Reporter, Bloomberg News): You know, she spoke perfect English. She knew how things worked overseas. She's always quite pleasant to deal with. In French politics, she's one of the few people that doesn't always seek a political fight.
BEARDSLEY: Rumor has it that when the crisis broke, U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson would take calls from Lagarde, but not other foreign officials. Her ease with American culture comes from her time spent studying and working in the U.S.
[POST-BROADCAST CORRECTION: The U.S. high school Christine Lagarde attended for a year is in Bethesda, Maryland, outside Washington, D.C.]
She spent a year in a Baltimore high school, and later served as a labor lawyer and partner in a Chicago law firm. Lagarde returned to France to become trade minister under former President Jacques Chirac.
President George W. Bush called her one of the family.�Forbes�magazine ranked Lagarde the 17th most powerful woman in the world in 2009, as she battled the global economic crisis. During that same year, she made an appearance on�"The Daily Show" with Jon Stewart.
(Soundbite of TV show, "The Daily Show")
Ms. CHRISTINE LAGARDE (French Finance Minister): Most of our banks were fine. But you know, it happened that there was one which didn't do right, was losing money, and we had to just inject capital and put equity in the bank. And once you become the shareholder - I, certainly for one, said the management is out. They did a crappy job; they have to go.
(Soundbite of laughter)
Mr. JON STEWART ("The Daily Show"): I love it.
BEARDSLEY: No matter his current situation, Strauss-Kahn is said to have done an excellent job as IMF chief. He is credited with increasing the strength and relevance of the institution as it steered nations away from bankruptcy, and helped buttress the euro currency.
Francoise Nicolas, a financial expert with the French Institute of International Relations, says Lagarde can fill Strauss-Kahn's shoes.
Ms. FRANCOISE NICOLAS (French Institute of International Relations): Christine Lagarde has precisely a number of the qualities that are needed to replace him. She has an international profile. She knows how to deal with Americans, which is extremely important for such a job.
BEARDSLEY: These days, Lagarde is hounded by the press whenever she appears in public. One possible stumbling block to her candidacy is her questionable handling of a high-profile dispute involving a tycoon and a French bank in 2008. A French court will decide soon whether there should be a formal investigation.
For now, Lagarde has the support of Britain, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands. Europeans say it is important to keep the IMF post because of the ongoing sovereign debt crisis.
Though the IMF has traditionally been held by a European, and the World Bank by an American, there is pressure to change that. The leaders of Brazil, Mexico and China say it is time to have a representative from an emerging market or a developing nation.
Reporter Viscusi says the fact that Lagarde is a woman is good for the obvious reason: to make a clear break with the sex scandal. But he says there are other advantages, especially if Europe and America want to keep the status quo for now.
Mr. VISCUSI: So having a woman, it certainly goes partway. It's not someone from the developing world, but it's not someone from the old boy's club either. So I think it might be a way sort of to make people swallow the pill of having yet another European.
BEARDSLEY: The IMF is accepting candidates until June 10. The institution says it will choose its next director by the end of June.
For NPR News, I'm Eleanor Beardsley in Paris.
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