SCOTT SIMON, host:
This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon.
Next week, the Greek government will reveal a five-year austerity plan. It's been drafted by the European Union, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank. Parliaments approval is required if Greece is to receive an installment of $17 billion as part of last years international bailout. But the new measures include even deeper spending cuts and tax hikes than those that have triggered weeks of massive street demonstrations.
NPRs Sylvia Poggioli reports that a number of economists believe Greeces international lenders maybe on a harmful and inefficient course.
SYLVIA POGGIOLI: Apostolos Vranas gives English lessons and in the year since the government introduced austerity measures, hes seen his earnings slashed by some 40 percent. Like many other angry Greek demonstrators, Vranas now considers himself a budding economist. He says Greeces international lenders have pushed the country into a debt trap with no way out. He calls it extortion.
Mr. APOSTOLOS VRANAS (Tutor): So next time they will loan us more money to save us from the previous debts and make sure that we accumulate more debt.
POGGIOLI: Greece has already achieved a remarkable five percent reduction of its deficit through massive cuts in wages and pensions of public sector workers and steep tax hikes. Now, the EU, IMF and European Central Bank - known as the troika - have demanded even tougher measures for further funds. In addition to more wage cuts, the tax exempt ceiling will drop from an annual income of $17,000 to $11,000, and there will be a tax increase on heating oil. The government will have to privatize state assets - including the telephone and postal companies, the ports of Piraeus and Thessaloniki, the national railway system, vast real estate holdings and the national lottery. The protestors in the streets accuse the government of selling the country off. Aware of such intense popular resistance, the troika had hoped the opposition party would show bipartisan support.
Mr. CHRYSANTHOS LAZARIDIS (New Democracy Party): If this is a rescue plan, I dont want to be rescued but I want to be rescued with a different plan.
Chrysanthos Lazaridis is an adviser to the leader of the opposition party. He says New Democracy wants to re-negotiate the terms imposed by the troika.
Mr. LAZARIDIS: You should not implement heavy taxes upon an economy that's been already in deep recession. This is exactly what has happened and it didnt work.
POGGIOLI: But, Spiros Kouvelis, a leading member of the ruling socialist Pasok Party says the prime ministers task is extremely difficult.
Mr. SPIROS KOUVELIS (Pasok Party): It is a give and take and at this stage you do not have much room to maneuver. Frankly, I wouldn't want to be in the position of George Papandreou, it's a very difficult case, because he has to do a thing which is almost a one way street to avoid bigger damage.
POGGIOLI: Several analysts, however, are questioning the wisdom of lending money at high interest rates to a bankrupt country reeling from deep recession.
Mr. KOUVELIS: The crisis is getting worse, it deepened in Greece, it spread its wings to the rest of the Eurozone, its doing this as we speak.
POGGIOLI: Economist Yanis Varoufakis says with the economy shrinking by four percent this year, the sovereign debt is spiraling by the day. International lenders, he says, should realize that Greeces default is inevitable.
Mr. YANIS VAROUFAKIS (Economics, University of Athens): What are they going to do about it? They have no clue. And this is why they keep giving Greece, and Spain and Ireland and Portugal these astonishingly mindless, expensive loans to the bankrupt just to buy time.
POGGIOLI: The troika, Varoufakis says, is prescribing new doses of a failed policy.
Mr. VAROUFAKIS: Europe has to realize that this is simply a symptom, just like Lehman Brothers was a symptom, it was not the cause of the problem. This is a systemic crisis, and Greece is simply the canary in the mine.
POGGIOLI: The Greek crisis has revealed the shortcomings of the single currency - a one-size-fits-all euro for 17 sharply different countries, without common fiscal and economic guidance. The outcome of the crippling debt crisis in Athens could determine how and whether the entire Eurozone can survive.
Sylvia Poggioli, NPR News, Athens.
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