MICHEL MARTIN, host: Finally, you might have been following the growing scandal in Britain over the sleazy techniques allegedly used by some tabloid journalists to get information on people. Apparently no one was spared. The journalists, and I use that term reluctantly, worked for outlets owned by Rupert Murdoch, who also owns Fox News. They allegedly paid off police and tricked their way into people's voicemail and other accounts.
They targeted celebrities, of course, but also a murder victim and families of soldiers killed in conflicts overseas. Ten people have been arrested so far, including a top former News Corp executive named Rebekah Brooks, who was or is a close confidant of Britain's Prime Minister David Cameron.
But here in the U.S. in part because of the Fox News connection, there are obvious questions about whether similar conduct took place here and of course about Rupert Murdoch. What did he know? And if he did, when did he know it? Murdoch of course is as much a friend to right-leaning politicians in this country as he is in the U.K.
So one can understand why someone he has supported - like former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani whom Murdoch endorsed for mayor in 1993 and was a guest at his 2003 wedding - was quick to jump to Murdoch's defense. At a meeting with voters in New Hampshire last week, where Giuliani was testing the waters for another presidential bid, the former mayor said he didn't believe his friend could have had anything to do with the scandal. Give people the presumption of innocence, Mr. Giuliani said.
Can I just tell you? I am all for that program. Too bad Mr. Giuliani didn't offer that same consideration to the unarmed man named Patrick Dorismond who was shot to death by an undercover New York City police officer when that officer asked Dorismond where he could buy drugs, and Mr. Dorismond, a security guard and father of two, told him to get lost.
Mr. Giuliani could have said: What a terrible tragedy. And he could have said: Let's take a hard look at this and see where the facts lead. And he could have said: Let's give people the presumption of innocence. But he didn't. What he did was release Mr. Dorismond's sealed juvenile record for the purpose, he said, of showing that the young man was not an altar boy.
Except that�Mr. Dorismond had gone to the same Catholic high school as the mayor, where, according to one account, he was, in fact, an altar boy. That probably factored into the city's decision to pay his family more than $2 million to settle the wrongful death lawsuit that followed.
Here's the point: if the rich and powerful deserve the presumption of innocence - and they do - then so do the poor and unpopular. But too often the people least likely to benefit from that presumption are the people who need it most, the people who are least likely to have the means to protect their rights and reputations. The prosecution of international banker Dominique Strauss-Kahn, which seems to be crumbling, is being used as an object lesson on the presumption of innocence.
A better example might be the one told in a new book�called "The Central Park Five"�by writer and filmmaker Sarah Burns. Burns recounts the horrifying story of five black and Latino teenagers who were wrongly convicted in connection with one of New York's most gruesome and terrifying crimes of the late 1980s - the so-called Central Park wilding case.
A young woman was viciously beaten, raped and left for dead when she went for an evening jog in Central Park. Within days, five teenagers were arrested, interrogated for hours without their parents, and tried as adults. They were quickly convicted, even though there was no DNA evidence, and no eyewitness accounts tied them to the crime. They served their complete sentences of more than 10 years each before another man confessed to committing the crime and his role was corroborated. That's half a century of lives wasted.
It's easy to see why we react the way we do to different crimes. Street crime is so much easier to understand on a visceral level than corporate crime. The people who commit street crime often don't look like the rest of us or act like us or wear nice clothes. They don't have political favors to hand out.
But it's worth remembering that the measure of a justice system worthy of its name is not just whether a man with one of the world's biggest megaphones is treated fairly, but how that system treats those with no voice at all.
And that's our program for today. I'm Michel Martin and you've been listening to TELL ME MORE from NPR News. Let's talk more tomorrow.