RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renee Montagne.

Boxing legend Joe Frazier has died. He was 67 when he passed away last night, just weeks after being diagnosed with liver cancer. The man nicknamed Smokin' Joe was one of the greatest heavyweights in history. And his three fights in the 1970s with bitter rival Muhammad Ali are part of boxing lore. NPR's Tom Goldman has this remembrance.

TOM GOLDMAN, BYLINE: If you distill Joe Frazier's lifetime of punches down to one, that sledgehammer left hook on March 8, 1971 was as crushing and symbolic as any.

(SOUNDBITE OF FIGHT BROADCAST)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: Time is important here.

(SOUNDBITE OF CROWD ROARING)

GOLDMAN: It put his bitter rival, Muhammad Ali, on his float-like-a-butterfly-sting-like-a-bee kiester at Madison Square Garden.

(SOUNDBITE OF FIGHT BROADCAST)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: He takes the mandatory eight count, the only knockdown of the fight.

GOLDMAN: The punch, which clinched victory over Ali in the so-called fight of the century, started around Joe Frazier's left hip. But its origins stretched back a couple of decades to segregated South Carolina, where a young boy from a sharecropping family, Frazier was about eight, fashioned a punching bag out of a burlap sack stuffed with rags and corncobs and Spanish moss.

By Frazier's own estimation, he slugged that thing for the next six or seven years damn near every day. Here's Frazier's old friend, Abraham Brown, in the documentary "Joe Frazier: When the Smoke Clears."

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "JOE FRAZIER: WHEN THE SMOKE CLEARS")

ABRAHAM BROWN: He always liked to fight. Always liked to fight. He had one pair of boxing gloves. I put on one, he put on another. And we just hit one another, hit one another. So it was in him.

GOLDMAN: And fighting would take him on a trajectory from South Carolina to Japan, where he won a gold medal at the 1964 Olympics, to the top of the professional heavyweight division by the late '60s. Along the way, Frazier developed his distinctive style, bending at the waist, ducking under opponent's punches, all the while moving forward, relentlessly forward, looking to throw those punches. Fearsome punches - literally.

LARRY HOLMES: I was scared as hell to work with Joe Frazier and to get hit by Joe Frazier. I was scared.

GOLDMAN: That's former heavyweight champion Larry Holmes, who once worked as Frazier's sparring partner. The fear was justified. Frazier broke Holmes' ribs during one sparring session. That was inside the ring. Outside?

HOLMES: Joe was Joe, man, and everybody loved him.

GOLDMAN: Except, it seemed, Muhammad Ali. The two men couldn't have been more perfect rivals. Frazier, a squat, bull-like fighter with little formal education. Ali, the supremely skilled and athletic boxer with matching verbal agility and wit. Ali used the latter to inflict psychological cuts on Frazier in the early '70s when they faced each other in three defining fights that Ali biographer Thomas Hauser calls the pyramids of boxing.

THOMAS HAUSER: What Muhammad did was the first time they fought he labeled Joe an Uncle Tom. The second time he branded him ignorant. The third time...

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

MUHAMMAD ALI: You'll also see why I say he's a gorilla. You'll see how ugly he is and how pretty I am.

HAUSER: Joe felt betrayed by Ali.

GOLDMAN: Betrayed, Hauser says, because Frazier always admired Ali, respected him for refusing military induction, which resulted in Ali's boxing suspension, respected Ali's stance on civil rights issues. Then to be taunted, racially, by a fellow black man, Frazier's feelings sometimes bubbled over in public. Watching Ali, shaking from Parkinson's syndrome, light the cauldron during the 1996 Olympic opening ceremony, Frazier said to a reporter they should've thrown him in.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)

JOE FRAZIER: We was at war. I mean, why should he speaks all this terrible thing about me, and then I didn't say anything about him? So whatever came to my mind and my lips, I spit it out.

GOLDMAN: As time went by, and Ali's condition got worse, Frazier's waves of bitterness receded - at least publicly. Earlier this year Frazier said about Ali, I forgive him. He's in a bad way. Monday night, Ali said in a statement, The world has lost a great champion, I will always remember Joe with respect and admiration.

Tom Goldman, NPR News.

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