ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:
From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel. And we're going to spend the rest of this hour talking about parenting and the parenting industry. In a moment, we'll hear about parenting classes for grandparents, but first, a little reading material.
From pregnancy on, new parents often keep a stack of books at the bedside full of advice on raising young children. Now, the bad economy is pushing record numbers of young adults back home and, as NPR's Jennifer Ludden reports, that has kicked off a new trend: books about how to parent a 20-something.
JENNIFER LUDDEN, BYLINE: Just when you thought you were done, Los Angeles comedy writer, Gail Parent - yes, that's her name - figured, once her kids turned the magical age of 21, parenting was over.
GAIL PARENT: Because I didn't tell my parents anything bad or negative and I let them be very peaceful about me when I was an adult, but I had told my kids to tell me everything when they were young.
LUDDEN: And they kept doing it, even after leaving home, except Parent wasn't sure what to say back. Now that they were adults, where was the line between friendly advice and unwanted intrusion? There was no manual for this, so Parent decided to create one. Her co-author is Pasadena psychotherapist, Susan Ende, who says all of their peers were grappling with the same thing.
SUSAN ENDE: All I had to do was say, I'm writing a book called "How to Raise Your Adult Children," and somebody would say, I've got a problem.
LUDDEN: The hottest topics? Money and kids moving back home. The frustrations of that arrangement have become part of pop culture. In the movie, "Failure to Launch," one couple is so desperate, they hire Sarah Jessica Parker to push their son toward independence.
(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "FAILURE TO LAUNCH")
SARAH JESSICA PARKER: (as Paula) I can have your son moved out of this house by June 15th.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Hallelujah.
PARENT: When we first started this book, we thought it was all the kids' problem.
LUDDEN: You know, says Gail Parent, lazy slackers who don't want to grow up. But she soon discovered a lot of boomer parents are - shall we say - enablers, accompanying their kids to college class registration, negotiating grades with professors.
PARENT: Oh, I heard a parent saying on her cell phone, no, your father is not going to write your term paper for you.
LUDDEN: She says no wonder kids today can't make decisions for themselves and no wonder they feel entitled to move back home rent-free. Ende says parents may be happy to help, especially in this down economy.
ENDE: But parents have a difficult time setting time limits, saying, you have to obey my rules because it's my house. and my money is my money and you don't get to decide that I am supposed to give it to you.
JEFFREY JENSEN ARNETT: Should we just cast them loose at age 18 or 22 and say, you're on your own and we're not going to help you anymore?
LUDDEN: Jeffrey Jensen Arnett of Clark University is an expert on this delayed adulthood. His parenting book is due out next year. Arnett does not blame so-called helicopter parents for hovering too intimately. He says social norms are changing and the 20s are a tough decade for both generations.
ARNETT: You know, a lot of parents say, gosh, when I was 23 - and they look at their children and they see them nowhere near that and they feel like their children are not making it, but that's not true.
LUDDEN: Arnett says young adults today typically change jobs seven times before age 30. Yes, often quitting jobs their parents find perfectly good. And a life partner may be nowhere in sight just yet.
ARNETT: There's a great deal of comfort for parents just in learning that that, today, is perfectly normal. Thirty really is the new 20.
LUDDEN: So I'm imagining, back in the years when I was reading all the toddler books and I would turn to my husband and say, it's okay, honey, it's developmentally appropriate.
LUDDEN: The message for parents in both these books: it's okay to let go. You won't lose your child, says Susan Ende. You'll just get a better version of them, a true adult.
Jennifer Ludden, NPR News.
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