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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

This holiday, we'd like to help you strategize for a hazard of Thanksgiving, that moment when an awkward subject comes up at the table: politics. We asked on NPR's Facebook page for people to share stories of their experiences. Stef Work echoed the sentiment of many, saying: I don't think I'm alone when I find the visits too long, and the social graces too few.

Social graces and political talk can compete, so we brought in a guide to help navigate. Our guest is a member of what some might consider a dysfunctional family: Congress. Republican congresswoman Shelley Moore Capito is co-founder of the House Civility Caucus. Welcome to the program.

REPRESENTATIVE SHELLEY MOORE CAPITO: Thank you. Great to be on.

INSKEEP: Now, I'm not sure that everybody's ever heard of the House Civility Caucus. What is it?

CAPITO: Well, my friend Emmanuel Cleaver, who's a member of Congress from Missouri, we joined together - and it's been several years now - to try to bring to Congress respectful and civil debate. I think we both recognize that the language, the disrespect and the volume is too high. And, you know, I think that there's a vast majority of us that do conduct ourselves pretty civilly. But then there are definitely some of us who just keep at it in a very negative way. And I think it really splashes out over all of us.

INSKEEP: Which maybe is why, I think, if people hear the word civility and the word Congress in the same sentence, they probably think it's an oxymoron.

CAPITO: They probably do. And if they looked at our membership, it's not exactly the largest caucus in Congress.

INSKEEP: Wait a minute. How many members do you have out of 435 members of...

CAPITO: Well, we don't have official memberships. We probably have 30 or 40 who have joined in with us. But that's 10 percent. So that's not - we need some work on that.

INSKEEP: OK. So, you've had this experience. You've got a tough job there, and you're going to try to help some of our listeners who may have tough tasks and conversations, political conversations, on this Thanksgiving. And let's see if we can offer some advice first to Dawn Halloren. Her sister's boyfriend almost came to blows with her father one year, arguing about labor unions. Let's listen.

DAWN HALLOREN: My mother was trying desperately to change the subject and turn things in a more neutral direction. But she was completely unsuccessful because once my father dug his teeth in, there was no going back. And then eventually, in pretty typical fashion, we all just sort of pretended it didn't happen and went on with dinner. The tension lingered for quite some time.

INSKEEP: OK. You've got a couple of people at the table with a fundamental disagreement. How could that situation have gone any better?

CAPITO: Well, sometimes I wonder when the boyfriend or the fiance challenges the patriarch or the matriarch of the family, if they're really interested in the person they're dating. I don't think that's a good strategy for family smoothness. So I would say, in that case, trying to change the subject is probably your best bet. Bring in some different food - here comes dessert. Oh, I think the dog needs to go out for a walk.

I was reminded about a Thanksgiving that we had, and my uncle just tended to dominate all the conversations. So one year, my dad - he pulls out from under the table one of those wooden sticks that you get at a golf tournament, and it says: Quiet, please.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

CAPITO: So maybe that's what Dawn needs at her family table.

INSKEEP: Well, here's another story, from Seth Merritt. He's a college senior in Springfield, Missouri, and he tells us here about a Thanksgiving shortly after the presidential election in 2008.

SETH MERRITT: My uncles and I started to argue about politics. And you know, they referred to Barack Obama - started alluding to his race in the most negative way as possible, and saying that his race had a lot to do with what he was doing wrong and how the economy was going. So I tried to argue the point that, you know, I don't think that his race has anything to do with it. And they were saying that it did. And they brought up that they work really hard, and they said that any time they try to get anything in life, people of ethnic backgrounds that are different than their own come in and take that from them.

INSKEEP: What would you do in that situation, congresswoman?

CAPITO: Well, I think that's difficult because it's obviously some deep-seated feelings on the part of his relatives. Sounds like they have some racist tendencies. And I'm not sure that's rational. I think that's tough to change, as much as you want to. You know, in that case, there again, I think, you know, you're better off just to have somebody come in and start a new topic. I mean, politics is dangerous, but when you get into the field that he was in, I think it can really result in some really hurt feelings. And I think that's the last thing anybody wants from a family gathering.

INSKEEP: Although at a family gathering - of course you don't want that, although that raises a question about whether you allow people with certain beliefs to just go right on having them if you don't discuss them, and see where the facts lie.

CAPITO: Right. I mean, I think that's admirable that they didn't just let him get away with it. I wouldn't go with that strategy. But, you know, I don't know that I have an answer for that. I mean, I think education, obviously, is part of the answer. And for them to present their side, it would be educating each other. But, you know, that's a difficult one. I'm glad that doesn't happen at my table.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

INSKEEP: Well, of course, one of the reasons Thanksgiving can be awkward is you have families that, even though people are related, they've taken different paths in life. They're from different generations. They have different ideas. And let's listen to a story from Mary Sincell of Oakland, Maryland, who remembers that in 1970, she was 7, and her two brothers who were college students with long hair - this was 1970, now - spoke out against the Vietnam War.

MARY SINCELL: I just remember suddenly having this outburst with my uncle, who was a World War II veteran and was very conservative, and a lot of shouting. And that was just electrifying. And later, I asked my mom what had happened and she said, well, your Uncle Bob just doesn't like your brothers' long hair. And I thought: That's what all the yelling was?

INSKEEP: Well, now, there's an interesting point; that you've going to have little kids, often, at a Thanksgiving gathering like this. Are there opportunities to turn it into a learning experience for little kids when things get awkward like that?

CAPITO: Well, you know, I was born in 1953. So what the caller's talking about could have happened in my own house, with my dad being a World War II veteran. And, you know, I think there is a way for you to model good behavior, but sometimes you just can't avoid it. I mean, people are passionate about the way they feel, and it's probably good for children to see that, you know, you're not just talking about the latest movie star that's getting divorced or maybe the latest football game; that you're really talking about issues of the day that are extremely important.

INSKEEP: Congresswoman, let's remind people you're a Republican. Have you got Democrats in the family who show up at the Thanksgiving gathering that you go to?

CAPITO: Yes, of course. West Virginia's a very Democratic state. Yes.

INSKEEP: Does that very fact lead to awkward moments sometimes?

CAPITO: Oh, sometimes, but not usually. I think we use our Thanksgiving more for catching up and talking about, you know, what books are you reading, what kind of movies have you seen, you know, just family things that you don't get to do day-to-day when your children get in their 20s, like ours are.

INSKEEP: Do you - are you going to wait for someone to make the joke about Congress's 9 or 10 percent approval rating, or just make that joke yourself at some point?

CAPITO: I'll probably make that one myself. You know, that's one thing I think, too, that gets lost in a lot of these arguments. At some point, you have to have a sense of humor. And I think that's always a useful human element to throw in there when things start to fall apart.

INSKEEP: Well, congresswoman, thanks for joining us on this Thanksgiving. I appreciate it.

CAPITO: Thank you. You all have a nice Thanksgiving.

INSKEEP: That's West Virginia congresswoman Shirley Moore Capito.

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