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The White House and Congress are fighting over the payroll tax cut that expires at the end of the year. The president says extending it is vital to the economy. Some Republicans in Congress agree but disagree over how to pay for it.

NPR's Ari Shapiro has been looking at where the Republican presidential candidates stand on the matter.

ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: The payroll tax cut is popular with the American people. That helps explain why the president is talking about it so relentlessly, and perhaps why GOP presidential candidates have addressed the issue only glancingly.

MITT ROMNEY: The president is talking about we're going to extend the lower payroll tax for a little while. Fine, these are tough times. I don't want to raise taxes on anybody. But those modest proposals are not going to get America's economy going again.

SHAPIRO: That was former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney in New Hampshire last month. Yesterday, he went even farther. On a conservative radio show, he said: I would like to see the payroll tax cut extended just because I know that working families are really feeling the pinch right now.

Texas Congressman Ron Paul also supports extending the tax cut, according to a spokesman. And so does former Utah Governor Jon Huntsman, who spoke on PBS.

JON HUNTSMAN REPUBLICAN PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE: I think the payroll tax cut is a good thing. I think it helps a whole lot of people, and I think it's something that would serve to stimulate this economy going forward.

SHAPIRO: Republicans have a long history of supporting tax cuts, but on this one some candidates are less enthusiastic. A spokesman for Rick Perry says the Texas governor does not support what he called short-term gimmicks. The Newt Gingrich campaign says the former House speaker plans to phase out the payroll tax cut, but did not specify when.

Minnesota Congresswoman Michele Bachmann told CNN that tax cut did not create jobs, so it should end.

REPRESENTATIVE MICHELE BACHMANN REPUBLICAN, MINNESOTA: This payroll tax deduction didn't do what President Obama promised he would deliver that it would do. Why would we continue something that isn't working?

SHAPIRO: For candidates who support renewing this tax cut, the trickier question is how to pay for it. Democrats want to raise taxes on the wealthy, Republicans say that would hurt small businesses.

Here the GOP candidates are less specific. None of the campaigns gave an exact accounting of where the money would come from. Almost all of them say how they would not fund the extension: As Romney put it in New Hampshire...

ROMNEY: I don't want to raise taxes on anybody.

SHAPIRO: That leaves the difficult question Congress is wrestling with now largely unanswered. Michael Franc, vice president for Government Studies at the conservative Heritage Foundation. He says it's not surprising that candidates are reluctant to wade into the details of this debate. Would-be presidents would rather focus on the big picture.

MICHAEL FRANC: So, what they're trying to do with the voters is say, here's my value system, here's how I would apply it, here's what I would do. Whether it's to the tax code or to entitlement programs or to spending trajectories in general.

SHAPIRO: So, many of the candidates quickly shift from talking about the payroll tax cut to the bigger issue of fundamental tax reform - overhauling the system to make it cleaner and simpler, with fewer loopholes and patches.

Franc says the real problem is that a record number of provisions in the U.S. tax code now have expiration dates.

FRANC: It's kind of like in your household budget if you had to renegotiate your cable contract or your budget every month. That would pretty much preclude you from dealing with longer-term family budgetary issues or investment decisions.

SHAPIRO: Leaders of both parties agree that the complicated tax code is a major issue, and so a fundamental overhaul is on everybody's to-do list. But when Congress can't even agree on how to resolve these short-term tax debates, solutions to the long-term issues seem more unattainable than ever.

Ari Shapiro, NPR News, Washington.

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