STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
You know, a lot of European parents, along with some American ones, have long figured that if they let their kids drink alcohol at home, the kids will be less likely to go wild with their friends. They'll be used to alcohol. But recent studies don't bear out that idea, which is unwelcome news - among other places - in France, a culture that loves its wine. Sarah Varney reports.
SARAH VARNEY, BYLINE: On any given night, the sidewalks in Paris fill up with enthusiastic revelers. Here, in the 13th district, outside of a bar called Sputnik, the drinks flow as easily as the conversation. France, of course, is a country that loves its wine. But bartender Dominique Armand says his patrons are turning more and more to the harder stuff.
DOMINIQUE ARMAND: Just to shoot the head with alcohol.
VARNEY: To shoot the head with alcohol, he says. Meaning drink to get drunk. Indeed, France has seen in recent years pop-up street parties - organized via Facebook - that are well-attended by vodka-shooting French teenagers. These aperos geants, or giant aperitifs, French alcohol researchers say, reflect a growing problem of binge drinking among French teens.
DR. BERTRAND NALPAS: Hello. I'm Dr. Nalpas, Bertrand Nalpas.
VARNEY: Nalpas Bertrand is head of the Alcohol and Addiction Office at the French National Institute on Health and Medical Research. He says government surveys show the number of French teens who drink heavily is on the rise. About 20 percent of 17-year-olds are drunk at least three times a month. That's despite a recent tightening of laws in France that now prohibit anyone under 18 from buying alcohol. The uptick in binge drinking raises serious concerns, says Nalpas.
NALPAS: We have, now, data showing that the more younger you begin to drink and you begin to binge drinking, this increase really hugely the risk of becoming dependent to alcohol in the future.
VARNEY: Nalpas says the French are not immune to the growing evidence that suggests that kids who are allowed to drink in the home are at greater risk of developing alcohol-related problems.
NALPAS: In the reality, the mean age of the first drink, it's about 12 years old in France.
VARNEY: The first drink is usually at home with the family, and that's made it difficult, says Nalpas, to get out the message that alcohol can be dangerous.
NALPAS: My father drink. My grandfather drink. My mother drink. My grandmother drink. Well, I can drink also.
VARNEY: But not everyone in France is a lush. Pascale Dhote is a stylish mother of three and a cardiologist. She lives down the street from the bar Sputnik.
PASCALE DHOTE: (French spoken)
VARNEY: As she prepares a dinner of asparagus, salad and boiled eggs, she tells me how she and her husband, also a doctor, warned their children early on that alcohol wasn't good for their health. But it was difficult when visiting grandparents who didn't quite buy the science.
P. DHOTE: (Through translator) Even when they are little ones, people say, taste it, taste it. Wine is good. You have to taste it. It's part of French culture. You have to try it. But I say that the children are too small. As a doctor, I know that their liver isn't fully developed until they're adults. And it's not worth it to mangle their organs or their brain. But systematically, they're asked if they want to try it.
VARNEY: Her parenting seems to have worked. Pascale's 22-year old son Valentin Dhote, an engineering student, says he seldom drank as a teenager.
VALENTIN DHOTE: (Through translator) At my parents, I never drank wine. Or if I did, it was rare, maybe a little glass of champagne to celebrate New Year's, that's all. When I went to my friends' houses, I'd frequently get offered a glass of wine or half a glass.
VARNEY: Valentin says he thinks it's possible for French teens to delay drinking alcohol but still appreciate the culture of wine in France when they reach adulthood. That's a message Dr. Bertrand Nalpas at the French National Institute on Health would like to see promoted throughout his country.
NALPAS: It's not necessary to drink. The symbol of the French with the bottle of red wine and the bread and the hat, we have to change that.
VARNEY: Nalpas sits back in his chair and says with a heavy sigh: It might just take three generations. For NPR News, I'm Sarah Varney.
INSKEEP: And that's Your Health for this Monday morning.
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