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LYNN NEARY, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Lynn Neary.

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

And I'm Melissa Block. Joe Arpaio has been called America's toughest sheriff. He certainly talks tough and he's won notoriety for forcing inmates to wear pink clothes and live in tent cities.

But the Arizona law man is in the spotlight today for another reason. The Justice Department has released the results of a three-year investigation. In a scathing report, federal authorities have concluded that Arpaio himself has been breaking the law, routinely discriminating against Latinos and retaliating against critics.

NPR's Carrie Johnson has the story.

CARRIE JOHNSON, BYLINE: In his five terms as the elected sheriff of Maricopa County, Arizona, Joe Arpaio's built a national reputation for being tough on crime. But the Justice Department now says it's Arpaio and his deputies who are on the wrong side of the law, accusing them of violating the U.S. Constitution and the Civil Rights Act.

Tom Perez, the Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights, says his investigation has uncovered widespread racial profiling against Latinos.

THOMAS PEREZ: Our expert found that Latino drivers were four to nine times more likely to be stopped than similarly situated non-Latino drivers.

JOHNSON: Often, Perez says, for no good cause.

PEREZ: This expert concluded that this case involved the most egregious racial profiling in the United States that he had ever personally observed in the course of his work.

JOHNSON: Federal investigators made two more critical findings about the Maricopa County Sheriff's Office. First, an illegal pattern of retaliation that they say comes straight from the top of the department.

PEREZ: People opposed to the department's policies were frequently arrested and jailed for no reason, or forced to defend against specious civil complaints or other baseless charges.

JOHNSON: Among those targeted, according to the Justice report, were local government officials and attorneys who alleged discrimination by the sheriff. Finally, the Justice Department says, Maricopa detention officers punish inmates with limited English skills for failing to respond to commands in English.

The new report says detention officers refused to accept grievance complaints if they're written in Spanish and force inmates to sign some English language forms, potentially sacrificing their constitutional rights without giving those inmates help to understand them.

In a news conference, Arpaio said it was a sad day for Arizona. The sheriff suggested the Justice Department report was overblown.

SHERIFF JOE ARPAIO: When you arrest on the streets and in our jails 50,000 people – 50,000 – and you get a couple complaints, that happens at any type of crime. There is no pattern. And I think that that will be proven when we get our chance to prove it.

JOHNSON: Arpaio vowed to keep up the fight until the problem of illegal immigration is resolved.

ARPAIO: I will continue to enforce all the laws.

JOHNSON: But the new Justice findings were enough to prompt action from the Department of Homeland Security, which called the report troubling. Homeland Security officials led by DHS Secretary and former Arizona governor, Janet Napolitano, say they'll cut off the sheriff's access to the Federal Secure Communities Program effective immediately.

That means when Arpaio's deputies submit fingerprints to the FBI when they book a suspect, they'll no longer be able to see someone's immigration status. As for the Justice Department, civil rights chief Tom Perez says...

PEREZ: Our case is about much more than statistics. It's about real people, law-abiding residents of Maricopa County, who are caught up in the web of unconstitutional activity and unlawfully stopped, detained and sometimes arrested.

JOHNSON: Perez says he's continuing to look into claims that the sheriff's office failed to investigate hundreds of allegations of sexual assault in recent years. Perez says he wants to work with Arpaio and the law -abiding people who work for him to develop a consent agreement that could be enforced by a federal court.

Justice has given America's toughest sheriff 60 days to respond, and if he doesn't, Arpaio may be facing a federal lawsuit. Carrie Johnson, NPR News, Washington.

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