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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

A snapshot of life in Iran comes to New York this week. It's a feature film called "A Separation" and it's Iran's official entry in the Oscar race.

Movie critic Bob Mondello has our review.

BOB MONDELLO, BYLINE: The opening moments of "A Separation" lay out the story you'd expect to see in a film about a wife who is leaving her husband. Simin and her bank clerk spouse, Nader, are explaining heatedly to a judge why they want a separation or actually why they don't want it.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "A SEPARATION")

PEYMAN IMAADI: (as Nader) (Foreign language spoken)

LEILA HATAMI: (as Simin) (Foreign language spoken)

MONDELLO: She brandishes visas that they've been seeking for years, a passport to a better life outside Iran for their 11 year old daughter. Alas, by the time the visas arrived, Nader didn't want to leave anymore, unwilling to abandon his father who has Alzheimer's.

So to leave the country, Simin must sue for divorce.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "A SEPARATION")

HATAMI: (as Simin) (Foreign language spoken)

MONDELLO: The judge tells Simin her reasons aren't substantial enough. Is Nader an addict? Does he beat her? Simin says no. He's a decent man. So the judge turns her down.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "A SEPARATION")

HATAMI: (as Simin) (Foreign language spoken)

MONDELLO: Simin and Nader are a modern, secular, middle class couple. Simin independent enough of mind to go and live with her parents rather than simply submit to her husband's will, which means Nader must now find someone to care for his father while he's at work. When he does, we're introduced to another side of Iranian society. Razieh, a younger, poorer, very religious woman takes the caretaking job without the knowledge of her devout, unemployed husband.

Things take a bad turn when Razieh goes to the doctor, leaving the old man alone, his wrists tied to the bed. He is unconscious on the floor when Nader and his daughter come home.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "A SEPARATION")

IMAADI: (as Nader) (Foreign language spoken)

MONDELLO: In an argument when Razieh gets back from the doctor - she's pregnant under her flowing garment - Nader pushes her out and slams the door and she falls.

Soon, everyone's back in court. This time, the well off secular couple at odds with the poorer, religious one, which has the effect of highlighting, not just a separation, but a host of economic, moral and gender separations in Iranian society.

It's the rare Hollywood film that attempts anything half so ambitious and when you consider how heavily censored filmmakers are in Iran, director Asghar Farhadi's accomplishment starts to seem downright astonishing. "A Separation" is a beautifully crafted, fascinating film, both as a portrait of modern Iranian society and as a drama involving intensely controlling men and supportive, but also very assertive women.

The director has all of his characters withhold information as they make their cases, at times directly to the camera, which keeps "A Separation" a constant surprise, a film that captures the drama and suspense of real life as urgently as any picture released this year.

I'm Bob Mondello.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

SIEGEL: This is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News.

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