ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.

AUDIE CORNISH, HOST:

And I'm Audie Cornish. Jesus is making a huge splash on YouTube. He's the subject of a video called "Why I Hate Religion, But Love Jesus." That's been viewed more than 18 million times in just a few weeks. As NPR's Barbara Bradley Hagerty reports, some see YouTube as a new pulpit for the millennial generation.

BARBARA BRADLEY HAGERTY, BYLINE: The video is spare - a young man dressed in leather jacket and jeans, looking into the camera. Then 22-year-old Jefferson Bethke, a churchgoing Christian and rap artist, voices what much of his generation is thinking.

(SOUNDBITE OF YOUTUBE VIDEO, "WHY I HATE RELIGION, BUT LOVE JESUS")

JEFFERSON BETHKE: What if I told you Jesus came to abolish religion? What if I told you voting Republican really wasn't his mission? What if I told you Republican doesn't automatically mean Christian, and just because you call some people blind doesn't automatically give you vision?

HAGERTY: Bethke takes apart religion and religious people for what he calls their hypocrisy - for building churches but not feeding the poor, for caring more about rules than about grace.

(SOUNDBITE OF YOUTUBE VIDEO, "WHY I HATE RELIGION, BUT LOVE JESUS")

BETHKE: Now back to the point, one thing is vital to mention: how Jesus and religion are on opposite spectrums. See, one's the work of God, but one's a manmade invention. See, one is the cure, but the other's the infection.

HAGERTY: Overnight, Bethke's video garnered 2 million views; the next day, 4 million.

BETHKE: I was like, glad that the message I'm so passionate about was out there. But at the same time, I was like, oh, jeez, I don't even want to go to my Gmail and see how many are going to be in the inbox now, you know?

HAGERTY: With the popularity came some criticism.

BETHKE: Yeah, I got a ton of pushback.

HAGERTY: From people who noted that Jesus did not hate religion - he was an observant Jew; and that the church has been at the forefront of helping the poor. But Bethke, who graduated from college last year, says his Christian friends feel the same way: The church is losing Jesus amid rules and partisan politics. He believes that's why his video went viral.

BETHKE: I think it was the perfect, succinct example of the division between my generation and the older generation. And since it was such on a national stage with YouTube, I think it finally gave everyone a reason to talk about it.

HAGERTY: And talk, they did. Two hundred people made videos in response and now, more than 18 million people have viewed it. Not bad for a video about religion - or anything else, for that matter.

KEVIN ALLOCCA: No one gets 17 or 18 million hits.

(SOUNDBITE OF LAUGHTER)

HAGERTY: Kevin Allocca is YouTube's trends manager. He says only music videos do this well. You can never predict what will go viral, Allocca says, but Bethke's video has a couple of things in common with other YouTube hits.

ALLOCCA: They're very unique and engaging but also, they're just very shareable. And it's not just that you want to just share this with someone else and say hey, check this out. It's you say, hey, I want you to watch this, and then I want to talk about it with you.

HAGERTY: Bethke's video makes it clear: Young people not only think differently about their faith, they absorb it differently. Journalist Cathleen Falsani says she saw that when she visited a Sunday school class. The teenagers were rowdy, talking over each other and the teacher. But when the teacher played Bethke's video...

CATHLEEN FALSANI: You could have heard a pin drop. They were absolutely rapt. They were focused. And then when it was done, they had really good questions to ask. They had excellent feedback.

HAGERTY: Falsani, who heads up new media for Sojourners, a progressive Christian organization, says video Christianity is not a bad thing. It's a spiritual thing.

FALSANI: I think the medium is the way that - you know, in my world, I'm an evangelical Christian - that I think the Holy Spirit is using to speak to children's hearts.

HAGERTY: And to adults. She's seeing more videos about religion from all kinds of people, trying to sell their version of Christianity to others inside and outside of the church. Here's "Tea Party Jesus," a video produced by liberal Christians.

(SOUNDBITE OF YOUTUBE VIDEO, "TEA PARTY JESUS")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: When Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on the hill, and his disciples gathered around him.

HAGERTY: In the "South Park"-like animation, Jesus is surrounded by his followers, including Glenn Beck, Michele Bachmann, Newt Gingrich and Rush Limbaugh. He delivers a sermon using lines from speeches and posters at Tea Party rallies.

(SOUNDBITE OF YOUTUBE VIDEO, "TEA PARTY JESUS")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: Blessed are the mean in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for lower taxes, for their pockets will be filled.

HAGERTY: Liberals are relative newcomers to YouTube Christianity, a path pioneered in part by Molotov Mitchell. Mitchell is a martial arts teacher, and rising star among religious conservatives. His video challenging Barack Obama's birth certificate drew 4 and a half million viewers. His short videos are highly produced, always caustic and provocative.

(SOUNDBITE OF YOUTUBE VIDEO, "FOR THE RECORD")

MOLOTOV MITCHELL: Is it unfair to use gay in a negative way? I mean, do we have to automatically respect or even give special rights to them based on who they have sex with?

HAGERTY: Another favorite target, Muslims.

(SOUNDBITE OF YOUTUBE VIDEO, "FOR THE RECORD")

MITCHELL: It's not that most Muslims are less intelligent. They're just poorly educated. Islam violently opposes critical thinking, and that's why most Muslims have never even read a Quran.

HAGERTY: In fact, Muslim-Americans are just as likely to have a college degree as other Americans. Mitchell is deliberately offensive but he has growing influence, attracting attention and donations. He says he's only following Jesus' example.

MITCHELL: A lot of people have this picture of Jesus as this emaciated, homosexual guy with blond highlights in his hair - and he would never harm a fly - when really, Jesus was far more balanced and righteous than that. Of course, he was loving, and he was compassionate, but at the same time, he also was a man. And he would fight.

HAGERTY: Something Mitchell says Christian pastors, whom he calls cowards, have failed to do. So now...

MITCHELL: Young people are looking for answers elsewhere, and I think that our success has largely been because I don't pull any punches. I tell it like it is.

HAGERTY: One thing is clear: Internet videos are changing Christianity, says David Kinnaman. He's president of the Barna Group and has surveyed young Christians extensively. He says creating videos is as natural as breathing, for young people. So forget about seminary. YouTube allows a martial arts teacher, like Mitchell - or a recent college graduate, like Jefferson Bethke - to broadcast their interpretation of Christianity to the world.

DAVID KINNAMAN: Anyone could be a theologian as long as you're persuasive, able to create a great Internet video and - you know, the luck of the draw that your video gets selected out of the thousands that are uploaded.

HAGERTY: Kinnaman says YouTube is creating a revolution akin to the printing press, which brought the Bible to every household. Overall, that's a good thing for religion.

KINNAMAN: But is there a possibility that this is going to actually create - sort of a new breed of people that are great at performance but light on theology? I think so.

HAGERTY: But Jefferson Bethke says the church resists the technology at its peril.

BETHKE: The importance of YouTube, the importance of the Internet is huge for the next-coming generation of the church. We need to be able to utilize that. And we need to be able to infiltrate that realm, to be able to actually impact the next-coming generation.

HAGERTY: Which Bethke is wasting no time in doing. He recently posted a video on sex and marriage. It has more than 3 million hits.

Barbara Bradley Hagerty, NPR News.

Copyright © 2012 NPR. All rights reserved. Visit our website terms of use and permissions pages at www.npr.org for further information.

NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio.

Comments

 

Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and terms of use, and will be moderated prior to posting. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.