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SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

The Golden Gate National Recreation Area, in California's Bay Area, is known for its towering redwoods and stretches of sandy beaches. Its boundaries are expanding, quite literally, up next to some people's backyards. And while you might think residents would be thrilled to see this scenic landscape preserved, the relationship between the National Park Service and locals is off to a rocky start.

From member station KQED, Amy Standen reports.

AMY STANDEN, BYLINE: If you love your dog, the way Peggy and Bill Bechtell love Kalie...

(SOUNDBITE OF A DOOR BELL AND A BARKING DOG)

STANDEN: ...you couldn't ask for a better place to live than right on the border of Rancho Corral de Tierra; 4,000 acres of cypress trees, grassy rolling hills, about 20 minutes south of San Francisco. Peggy Bechtell says it's dog paradise.

PEGGY BECHTELL: We don't have a community center. That's our socialization out there, so there's 12 dogs running around playing together.

STANDEN: Until recently, this land was owned by a local land trust, which mostly just let it be. But in January, the land officially joined the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. It's now part of the National Park system. But the Bechtells, like a lot of others here, are none too pleased.

BECHTELL: We've had nothing but a great community here for 32 years. And the minute they come, they ruin it. Everybody is upset. Everybody is furious and frightened.

STANDEN: Bechtell is referring to an incident that made national headlines recently. Dog walkers in the normally peaceful Rancho Corral de Tierra Open Space, near Montara, are on edge. This comes from the local NBC affiliate.

(SOUNDBITE OF A NEWS CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN # 1: A national park ranger used her stun gun on a dog walker.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN # 2: I'm outraged about it because....

STANDEN: According to the park ranger, Gary Hesterberg of Montara was walking his two dogs off leash. That's in violation of official National Park policy. The ranger tried to give him a ticket, but Hesterberg allegedly gave her a false name and refused to stop. John Bartlett was there, saw Hesterberg collapse onto the ground.

JOHN BARTLETT: I didn't know if the guy was dying. For a leash on a dog.

STANDEN: Now, there's some back story here. Out of nearly 400 national parks in the United States, Golden Gate National Recreation Area is the only one where park officials have been forced to make some exceptions to their dog policy. So, at a few other parts of the park, locals can take their dogs off leash. But here at the Rancho, officials had hoped to impose the more restrictive dog policy. That's because they have other species to think about here, too.

SUSIE BENNETT: So this is our plant here. This is our featured resident.

STANDEN: Susie Bennett is a naturalist for the park service. She's pointing, with great pride, to a fragile looking little yellow flower with heart-shaped petals.

BENNETT: This is a very, very special plant. It's only found in two places in the whole world.

STANDEN: It's called Hickman's potentilla. It's not just a pretty plant. It's also a botanical mystery. Scientists studied this flower for years and they still don't know how it pollinates and spreads.

BENNETT: So it's a real plant that we'd like to focus some management on.

STANDEN: This is a big and delicate project. The Park service will have to pull out invasive plants and encourage bees and other insects. It's not hard to see why a bunch of local dogs would get in the way of that process. All of which forces the question, who are national parks for anyway?

HOWARD LEVITT: We have on the one hand the mandate of the National Park Service to protect resources for the future.

STANDEN: Howard Levitt is a spokesman for the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

LEVITT: At the same time, parks are there to be enjoyed by people, and so creating a balance between protecting resources and allowing people to enjoy the areas that house those resources is always a challenge.

STANDEN: That's a bit of an understatement. The park received 5,000 letters over its proposed dog policy. Levitt says the Service is now considering letting people bring their dogs off leash in this part of the park, too.

For NPR News, I'm Amy Standen in San Francisco.

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