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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

From unrealized Broadway dreams to a new musical that attempts to capture the fragmenting of the American dream. It's called "Mission Drift" and it's a two-hour experimental work created by the Theater of the Emerging American Moment in New York. As NPR's Margot Adler reports, it tackles big themes - the housing market, the immigrant experience and capitalism itself.

MARGOT ADLER, BYLINE: "Mission Drift's" Director Rachel Chavkin wondered what defines American capitalism compared to capitalism in the rest of the world. She went to composer Heather Christian.

HEATHER CHRISTIAN: Rachel approached me and said I think we should write a musical about capitalism, to which I said that's impossible.

ADLER: The members of the Theater of the Emerging American Moment, the TEAM as they call themselves, began reading about Wall Street, teaching themselves economics. They read Milton Friedman. They listened to podcasts of NPR's Planet Money. As to what defines American capitalism, director Chavkin says she got her best answer from an Australian.

RACHEL CHAVKIN: She said, well, everywhere has capitalism. It's just you are more religious about it than anywhere else. Ultimately, what I think the show is getting at is that there is something both thrilling and unsustainable about capitalism as it is lived and practiced here in America.

ADLER: The idea for "Mission Drift" began in early 2008 before the economy imploded, with the real story of two teenagers the TEAM found in a history book by Russel Shorto. Joris and Catalina came to America from the Netherlands in the 17th century and in "Mission Drift," they mythically live through our entire history of Westward expansion.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "MISSION DRIFT")

BRIAN HASTERT: (as Joris) The frontier is the birthright of every American and though it may have vanished physically, the idea calls to us still.

ADLER: The TEAM became obsessed with Las Vegas and its constant creation and destruction.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG "BURNING DOWN LAS VEGAS")

CHORUS: (Singing) I think somebody is burning down this place out there. But if you don't even fake it, then you believe in God. Said if you don't even fake it, then you believe in God.

ADLER: Artistic director Chavkin says The TEAM spent a long time in Las Vegas and it really opened them up to the themes they were exploring.

CHAVKIN: Not actually so much because of the gambling metaphor, because that seemed sort of easy but actually because it was the fastest growing city in America at the turn of the millennium and then had become an epicenter of the housing collapse. And so there seemed to be something in there in terms of how we shape our expectations of growth, as Americans, and how our very landscape is altered, built and destroyed by this expectation of growth.

ADLER: Las Vegas also seemed an appropriate symbol because it was historically so tied to atomic testing. The explosion of bombs coincides with the implosion of old casinos to make way for the new.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "MISSION DRIFT")

(SOUNDBITE OF EXPLOSION)

HASTERT: (as Joris) There is so much we're going to do out here, Cat. The folks up at the proving grounds say that what we dropped on Hiroshima is just the beginning. They're going to be doing tests like this almost every month, and I think we should celebrate each one here.

ADLER: Rachel Chavkin says these scenes were influenced by images they saw at the National Atomic Testing Museum.

CHAVKIN: People having parties in casinos and drinking their atomic cocktails and wearing sunglasses and looking through the windows as just these mushrooms clouds shoot up in the desert. And it's the oasis in the desert that Las Vegas was combined with the Mojave as wasteland combined with these incredible celebrated displays of both American ingenuity and American violence.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC FROM PLAY, "MISSION DRIFT")

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: (as character) (Singing) This house is empty...

ADLER: But by the end of the two hours, other characters have lost their jobs, and their houses.

(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "MISSION DRIFT")

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: (as character) (Singing) This house is, this house is foreclosed. This house is...

ADLER: The New York Times said the two-hour production could have used an editor and dubbed it Mission Overkill, but its creators say they are trying to deal with large themes. Americans are thinking: should we tax the rich, should we punish prosperity? Composer Heather Christian says the ambivalence about those questions exists in many of us, because we are...

CHRISTIAN: Born and descended of these people who came here for next and for growth and for expansion. And it's kind of a holy thing, it's in our DNA.

CHAVKIN: When we were in Las Vegas, actually, we talked with so many people who said we love growth. We just grew too fast.

ADLER: Director Rachel Chavkin says by the end of the show her two teenage immigrants are exhausted.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG FROM PLAY, "MISSION DRIFT")

BRIAN HASTERT AND LIBBY KING: (as Joris and Catalina) (Singing) We walk, we walk, we tire. We walk, we walk, we tire...

CHAVKIN: I think we're at this moment where there really is this sense of exhaustion and this question of how do we find a new narrative that is as satisfying as this narrative of continued growth.

ADLER: "Mission Drift" has played in New York and in Europe. It's on tour until 2014 with stops in Australia, London and definite plans to go to Las Vegas. Margot Adler, NPR News, New York.

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