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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel.

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

And I'm Melissa Block. Illinois, it's your turn in the political spotlight. Illinois holds its Republican primary next Tuesday and it will be a test for Mitt Romney. He's coming off third place finishes yesterday in Alabama and Mississippi. And while those states were never considered strong for Romney, they're still reminders of his struggles to connect with the Republican base.

Well, in Illinois, Romney may find more moderate Republican voters, but he still needs to connect with them. NPR's Don Gonyea is already in Illinois and where better to find out how Romney will play than in Peoria.

DON GONYEA, BYLINE: To find out how Mitt Romney will play in Peoria, we start out at Bradley University in the marketing department, where Professor Ed Bond has studied this city's role as an iconic American test market.

ED BOND: The idea was if it can pass muster in Peoria, it's probably going to play to other audiences, other places.

GONYEA: That sounds an awful lot like a presidential campaign, a primary campaign.

BOND: Absolutely.

GONYEA: There are similarities. Take the example of a beer tested here in Peoria - Michelob Ultra Amber.

BOND: What they learned is if they positioned it as a dark light beer, people loved it. It doesn't compare as well if you think of it as a light dark beer and so it was very important for them to position correctly as a light beer that embodies the character of dark beers.

GONYEA: Now, instead of beer, let's think about politics. Many Romney supporters see him as a conservative with some moderate traits. But to his detractors, he's a moderate trying to act conservative. But central Illinois, Peoria and the surrounding communities, is not the Deep South, Alabama and Mississippi, where Romney lost yesterday. Brad McMillan is a political scientist at Bradley University.

BRAD MCMILLAN: Romney, being a former Republican governor of a very Democratic state and his ability to work across political lines, while that might not play in the South, here in central Illinois, I believe it's a plus.

GONYEA: Those who've represented this solidly Republican district include the legendary Everett Dirksen. Not long after that, it was Bob Michel, a fierce moderate and longtime House minority leader. Then came Ray LaHood, a Republican who now serves as President Obama's Transportation secretary. The current congressman is 30-year-old Aaron Schock. I caught up with him at a GOP Lincoln Day dinner this week in nearby LaSalle County. He was an early Romney backer.

REPRESENTATIVE AARON SCHOCK: No one who has hired Governor Romney has been disappointed or sorry they did, and I think that really distinguishes himself from some of the other candidates. Rick Santorum was fired when he was senator. Newt Gingrich had to step down from his own party as speaker.

GONYEA: But conversations with voters do reveal that people have been slow to warm up to Romney. At The Spotted Cow diner in Peoria, 73-year-old Tonna Walters is holding her regular mahjong tile game with friends.

TONNA WALTERS: Well, I'm sure I'll vote for Romney, but I am not excited about it. I just keep thinking, I wish someone else would jump in. But I guess it's too late, and I don't know who would do it. So...

GONYEA: Next to her is 69-year-old Pat Hagenbuch, she and her husband own a business. She's a big fan of Congressman Schock, so she should be an easy get for Romney.

PAT HAGENBUCH: I wish I knew him better as a person. I only see him on TV and sometimes he seems maybe like he's a little cavalier about some things and that sort of bothers me.

GONYEA: Cavalier?

HAGENBUCH: I don't know how to describe that. It's just a feeling that I have. I'm certainly not opposed to him and I don't know that much about Santorum. Is that how you pronounce it?

GONYEA: Santorum is not well known here. But when you come across his supporters you don't hear ambivalence. Pat Wagner, a semi-retired nurse, was at that Lincoln Day dinner in LaSalle.

PAT WAGNER: I decided to support Santorum because I think he holds the values closest to what I hold. He seems to understand the social issues and I want a candidate that I can really wholeheartedly support.

GONYEA: Romney does seem to have the pieces in place to do well in central Illinois and statewide. He's well organized, as he has been everywhere. But it's still up in the air how well he'll actually play here. Don Gonyea, NPR News, Peoria.

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