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Today, is Easter for about 300 million Eastern Orthodox Christians around the globe. From Jerusalem to Athens, Ethiopia to Moscow, and Portland, Maine to Portland, Oregon, believers ushered in their holiest day of the year at church services held just at the cusp of midnight. Much of the history and art of these Christian communities is firmly rooted in Eastern soil. And a new exhibition and recent performance at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art point to the sometimes surprising cultural connections from the Middle East to Great Britain. NPR's Anastasia Tsioulcas has more.


ANASTASIA TSIOULCAS, BYLINE: This is music that was sung at St. Catherine of Alexandria, an Orthodox monastery in Mt. Sinai, in the late 13th or early 14th century.


TSIOULCAS: It's not all that far from what you still hear in Greek Orthodox churches around the world today. Here, it's sung by Cappella Romana, a choral group based in Portland, Oregon that was founded in 1991 to explore the musical traditions of both Eastern and Western Christianity. Its founder, Dr. Alexander Lingas, says his group tries to reflect early Christianity's geographical sweep.

ALEXANDER LINGAS: The thing is, you start as a basis, a single Roman Empire that had as its borders Scotland on the one hand - the emperor Constantine was born way up in the British Isles - and this was one cultural heir, and you had essentially a Mediterranean tradition.

TSIOULCAS: Back then, both the Byzantines and their neighbors called this empire the Holy Roman Empire. We're talking the seventh to ninth centuries AD when there were thriving Jewish communities, several Christian factions, and a burgeoning Muslim presence. At that time, what we today call the Byzantine Empire was the hub of the universe, says Helen Evans, who organized the new exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art called "Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition."

HELEN EVANS: It's this incredible economic power, these amazing trade routes, controlling force. It's not the eastern edge of Western Europe. It was the center of the world for most of its history. The world was seen as being centered in Jerusalem, the Holy Land, and expanding out.

TSIOULCAS: Cappella Romana's Alexander Lingas concurs.

LINGAS: Christianity is an Eastern religion, which we tend to forget sometimes.

TSIOULCAS: The intersection of religions and cultures is at the heart of the Met exhibition. It includes a selection of small ceramic oil lamps, which scholars believe were all made in the eighth century in the same workshop in what's now northern Jordan. But here's the twist: each of the lamps is decorated according to the different religious inclinations of their potential buyers. There are crosses for the Christians, Islamic blessings in Arabic for Muslim shoppers, and a simple floral design for maybe a more secular-minded consumer. One particularly intriguing lamp says in Greek on one side: The light of Christ is the Resurrection. But on the bottom of the same object, in Arabic, the lamp bears the common Muslim bismillah phrase: In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate.

EVANS: What we were trying to do in the exhibition was to show that you have this multiplicity of people, because we tend to think that it's kind of black-white. There's Islam, everybody's Muslim; that's one group, and they never speak to the other side, which is Christian, or Jewish, and that those two groups don't speak to each other either, and they all live in test tubes and never have to go shopping at the same fruit market. And it's just not true.

TSIOULCAS: The museum invited Cappella Romana to make that point musically.


TSIOULCAS: The ensemble's founder, Alexander Lingas says that it's essential to remember that this music is a living tradition that connects the far-flung roots of early Christian history to today.

LINGAS: You have types of scales and ways of singing vocal ornaments that are not what Western classical singers are used to doing. For example, if you sing a passage like (singing) hallelujah, you know, it's standard Western sort of vocal technique. But if on the other hand you sing (singing) hallelujah, it's the same notes but then, well, if you little added twiddly bits in between, but the vocal placement is different. So, that's one of the things that Western early music singers will note that we are using a kind of Eastern vocal timbre, which makes sense for music that came up in the Eastern Mediterranean in this cross-cultural world.

TSIOULCAS: Facing east for this Easter Sunday, it's important to remember the twiddly bits that connect cultures. Anastasia Tsioulcas, NPR News, New York.




MARTIN: I'm Rachel Martin.

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