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Now, it's no surprise that President Obama has plenty of money for his reelection campaign. Incumbent presidents always do, and Obama has always had a lot of campaign donors. What may surprise you is where the money is going right now. At least in this early phase, the campaign has actually spent more money advertising online than on TV. That is likely to change. But Republicans are also busy online, as NPR's Brian Naylor reports.
BRIAN NAYLOR, BYLINE: The Republican National Committee calls its new app the Social Victory Center. You have to be a Facebook user to log onto the site, but as the RNC notes, with 161 million users in the U.S., that hardly limits the potential audience. Andrew Abdel-Malik is part of the Republican's digital team.
ANDREW ABDEL-MALIK: Politics is inherently social. You know, we have a strategy and a way to win, so it made a lot of sense for us to go to Facebook and not build this on GOP.com or a website or something like that, especially with Facebook's platform, which is all about sharing.
NAYLOR: The app allows users to read articles selected by the GOP, watch videos and download materials. It also enables users who live in states where the presidential contest is not likely to be close, say California, to help out by calling potential voters in places that will be highly contested, like Ohio.
Equally important for Republicans, by logging onto the site, users are sharing data with the party, their name, address, phone number, and what their interests are, says Abdel-Malik.
ABDEL-MALIK: Every article, every video, everything is tagged, right, whether, you know, it's an economy article or, you know, debt so on and so forth, right. Whatever it might be, you know, we can collect those data points and that's where things really start to get interesting.
NAYLOR: The Obama campaign set the template for online engagement with voters four years ago, with its app called "My Barack Obama." Republicans are playing catch up says Michah Sifry, of the Personal Democracy Forum. Sifry edits a blog on how politicians use the web. He says campaigns on both sides are tapping into a wealth of personal data, and raising privacy concerns.
MICHAH SIFRY: If you sign up to use one of these campaign apps on Facebook, you're given a little warning that says this app is now going to find out everything that you've made public about yourself on Facebook as well as the names and IDs of all your friends.
NAYLOR: Patrick Ruffini, is president of Engage, a Republican online consulting firm. He says the RNC is smart to use a Facebook app to reach out to voters.
PATRICK RUFFINI: We've long known that the most powerful thing in determining how you'll be influenced to vote is a recommendation from a friend. And the ability to see, in your Facebook news stream, somebody taking action on behalf of a campaign who's a trusted connection of yours, is something that everybody who's going to be active this year is going to want to look to harness.
NAYLOR: The campaigns are very interested in where we go online, whether it's Facebook or a news site. And if you've ever wondered how it is that campaign banner ads seem to pop up on every site you visit, blame one of those little data markers in your browser, the cookie. Visit a campaign's website, Sifry says, and you get one, which gets shared with other websites you visit.
SIFRY: The cookie that they've placed on your site from visiting their website is telling those other websites hey this is a person who visited the Barack Obama website, let's show him one of those Obama ads.
NAYLOR: Sifry says there's a danger of a backlash, that voters might feel they're being stalked by a campaign. Nevertheless, the Obama campaign has spent almost $19 million for online advertising already, compared with a little more than $3 million on TV ads.
One reason the Obama campaign is spending so much on the web now, is to rekindle the online relationships it had four years ago with the 13 million or so email addresses it collected, where as Romney has had to concentrate on winning primaries. But as Sifry points out, great tools don't elect candidates, you still need a great candidate with a great message.
Still, in a close race, using data gathered online to turn out a few more of your voters could make the difference.
Brian Naylor, NPR News, Washington.
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