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Like many a candidate before him, Newt Gingrich is now out of the presidential campaign business. He is instead in the debt-paying business. NPR's Peter Overby reports on what comes after the concession speech.

PETER OVERBY, BYLINE: Gingrich opened his speech by thanking people - first his family, and then...


NEWT GINGRICH: I also want to single out, first of all, the over 179,000 donors who helped us at Newt.org and who helped make the campaign possible.

OVERBY: But those donors weren't nearly enough to keep up with Newt Gingrich's spending. Most of all, he was spending money to make money. Federal Election Commission data, compiled by the nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics, show that the campaign spent 32 cents of every dollar on fundraising. And still, on March 31st, the Gingrich campaign had $1.2 million in the bank and $4.3 million in debt.

KARL SANDSTROM: I think presidential candidates are eternally optimistic, until they lose.

OVERBY: Karl Sandstrom is a Democratic campaign finance lawyer and served on the Federal Election Commission.

SANDSTROM: They are able to convince the creditors they're not a bad bet. Often, they turn out to be a bad bet.

OVERBY: The Gingrich campaign owes the most, a million dollars, to a charter airplane company, Moby Dick Airways Limited. Company president Roy Oakley said he, quote, "has assurances from the speaker that they're going to make good on it." Gingrich himself isn't liable for these debts, and the campaign is paying off some bills. Back in February, Gingrich was at the Bing Crosby Theater in Spokane, Washington.


GINGRICH: Your caucuses are very important. They are the last vote before Super Tuesday. So Washington state can make a big difference. Thank you for coming. We really need your help. Thank you very much.


OVERBY: Gingrich finished fourth in Washington state. The theater's manager said that last week, the campaign finally paid the outstanding bill of $589.

There's one common way for a presidential primary candidate to pay off these debts. That's by getting the nominee to hit up his donors to finance it. It's something that presidential candidate Barack Obama did for Hillary Clinton just about four years ago. And now, Romney's campaign has offered to be helpful as Gingrich works on retiring the debt. The Gingrich campaign couldn't be reached for comment.

Jan Baran is a Republican campaign finance lawyer. Like a lot of the GOP establishment, he's had a run-in with Gingrich. Sixteen years ago, he represented Gingrich in the House Ethics probe, but then quit. Baran says Republicans tend to like the show of unity when the nominee helps the other candidates.

JAN BARAN: It really depends on how much in the hole Gingrich is, but there certainly will likely be some effort to help retire some of his debt.

OVERBY: Because, after all, Mitt Romney wants Newt Gingrich's supporters to climb aboard his bandwagon, and Gingrich wants to remain a player, even if he can't be the nominee.

Peter Overby, NPR News, Washington.

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