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SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon. Weak job growth numbers riled nerves in the White House and on Wall Street yesterday for the second month in a row. Now, we'll talk about the political implications in a few minutes. But first, NPR economics correspondent John Ydstie explains why a report that showed a drop in the unemployment rate was not viewed as good news.

JOHN YDSTIE, BYLINE: It's obvious why the number of jobs added to the economy in April was disappointing. Employment grew by just 115,000. That followed a disappointing job gain in March, and together, the March and April average was only about half the 250,000 jobs added monthly in December, January and February. Again, economists suggested that the warm winter weather might have boosted job growth during the winter months, which left fewer jobs to be added in the spring.

However, at first glance there appeared to be a silver lining in April's numbers - the unemployment rate inched down again to 8.1 percent. Gary Burtless, a labor economist at the Brookings Institution says it is good news when the unemployment rate drops because lots of people are getting hired, but that wasn't the case in April.

GARY BURTLESS: For the last couple of months, we have a situation where the unemployment rate is still declining, but that's because people are leaving the workforce.

YDSTIE: Now, some people might have left the workforce because they reached retirement age, and it's possible they weren't replaced by young people. They may have decided to stay in school because the job market is still dicey. But there's no doubt many people left the workforce because they're discouraged. After months of looking, they still couldn't find a job. Kate Riley, a former health spa manager from the San Francisco Bay area, is one of them.

KATE RILEY: I was sending out anywhere between five and ten resumes weekly, was getting ignored for probably half of them, but the half that did respond, the comments were very complimentary for my expertise and my experience and they did want to talk to me.

YDSTIE: In some cases Riley even went through half a dozen interviews with a potential employer. But after more than a year of looking in the spa industry, Riley, who's 61 years old, never got a job offer.

RILEY: Someone else was getting chosen because they fit the culture better and I recently realized that that was code for I'm older and it doesn't fit their image, what they want to project.

YDSTIE: So last week Riley decided to stop looking.

RILEY: Out of the job market completely.

YDSTIE: That must feel a little strange.

RILEY: It's not only strange, but it was somewhat humiliating and very depressing. It was a shock to realize this isn't working, because I tend to push on and push through and last week when I just decided to stop, it was an emotional change for me.

YDSTIE: So after a long successful career, Riley, like a lot of people in today's job market, is going to have to find a new path. John Ydstie, NPR News, Washington.

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