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It's ALL THINGS CONSIDERED from NPR News. I'm Audie Cornish.

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And I'm Melissa Block. JPMorgan Chase is acting contrite after admitting that it lost at least $2 billion in a hedging strategy that went terribly wrong. The announcement late yesterday sent the bank's shares tumbling. And today it suffered a credit downgrade from one of the major ratings companies. Meanwhile, regulators have begun looking into what happened. And as NPR's Jim Zarroli reports, there were calls today for tighter restrictions on the kind of trades the bank conducted.

JIM ZARROLI, BYLINE: It was the kind of ardent mea culpa that's rarely heard on Wall Street. Jamie Dimon, the revered chief executive of JPMorgan Chase, told analysts late yesterday that the company had screwed up. A unit of the bank that's supposed to manage risk had made a big bet on its loan portfolio, he said, and the bet had backfired.

JAMIE DIMON: We have more work to do, but it's obvious at this point that there were many errors, sloppiness and bad judgment.

ZARROLI: The admission yesterday was especially embarrassing for Dimon because he had recently denied there were any problems. He admitted yesterday that he looked into the bad trades only after questions were raised by Bloomberg and The Wall Street Journal. Bank analyst Nancy Bush, contributing editor to SNL Financial, found that especially surprising.

NANCY BUSH: As somebody who has known Mr. Dimon for quite a long time, I went holy mackerel. What are you talking about? Because how did you not know about this? How could you not have known that this was going on?

ZARROLI: Today, the bank's big loss was the talk of the financial world. JP Morgan Chase was one of the few major banking companies to emerge from the financial crisis with its reputation intact. Now, that reputation is in tatters. Andrew Barber is CEO of Waverly Advisors.

ANDREW BARBER: I think that this is definitely a kick in the teeth for the American financial sector because JPMorgan was regarded as one of the best-run of the major banks, and its reputation being tarnished reflects poorly on the American financial sector in general.

ZARROLI: The bank's losses amount to at least $2 billion and could be even higher. That's not a crushing blow for a company the size of JPMorgan Chase, and even with the losses, it's likely to finish this quarter with a nice profit. But John Makin, research fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, says it raises troubling questions about the U.S. banking business.

JOHN MAKIN: Here's this story about JPMorgan having - taking a big loss which they can manage, but it makes you wonder, are others taking such big losses just at a time when the European financial system is under heavy stress?

ZARROLI: Makin says the losses are especially disturbing because they come so soon after the 2008 financial crisis, when many major banks had to be bailed out.

MAKIN: Here we are, three years later, still with some suggestion that these institutions are still taking fairly large risks.

ZARROLI: Makin says what's happened at JPMorgan Chase underscores the need to implement the so-called Volcker rule, which would bar big banks from trading their own funds. The rule is supposed to take effect in July, but banks won't have to fully comply with it for two years. JPMorgan Chase insisted yesterday that the failed trades were part of a hedging strategy and the Volcker rule wouldn't have applied to them. But Michigan Senator Carl Levin disagreed. Levin spoke on CNBC this afternoon.

SENATOR CARL LEVIN: It is clearly inconsistent with what we did, which is to say to these big banks you cannot take these big proprietary bets. You cannot bet on the direction of the economy. You can hedge, but this was not a hedge.

ZARROLI: Just what kind of trade this was is still unclear, and there are a lot of questions about exactly what happened. Today came word that the Securities and Exchange Commission has begun an investigation. Whatever the outcome, the image of JPMorgan Chase as a bank where this sort of thing couldn't happen has been dealt a crushing blow.

Jim Zarroli, NPR News, New York.

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