DAVID GREENE, HOST:
This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. Good morning, I'm David Greene.
The billionaire industrialists David and Charles Koch are famous in the world of conservative high-dollar politics. But we're looking today at another Koch brother. As we continue our series on million dollar donors in the presidential campaign, NPR's Peter Overby introduces us to William Koch. He's passionate about many things, but politics only recently.
PETER OVERBY, BYLINE: Bill Koch is an avid yachtsman and he set out to win the 1992 America's Cup. It would take four boats, more than 260 team members, and single-minded determination.
David Rosow was the team business manager. He and Koch are long-time friends in Palm Beach, Florida. Shortly before the final series of races, the team captain announced that he would delay the next day's 6:00 a.m. workout - team members expected to be out late at the black tie America's Cup Ball.
DAVID ROSOW: Bill looked up and he said, Here's the situation. We're here to win the America's Cup, not to dance at the ball.
OVERBY: Rosow remembers what Koch said next.
ROSOW: I will take you all, I'll take the entire team anywhere in the world you want to go, when we win. But anybody who goes to the ball tonight is off the team.
OVERBY: And after they did win...
ROSOW: He took all 260-plus people, plus their families, to Hawaii for three days. Everything was free. And everybody just could not believe the experience they had just had.
OVERBY: Later on, Koch said the America's Cup victory cost him $68 million. Here he is in an ESPN documentary.
(SOUNDBITE OF ESPN DOCUMENTARY)
WILLIAM KOCH: Financially, I would say win or lose, it's not worth it. If you asked me if I'd ever do this - if I knew what I know now, would I do it? Would I do it? The answer to that would be no.
OVERBY: William Koch's fortune is $4 billion, according to Forbes magazine. His twin brother David and older brother Charles have about 25 billion each.
It all started in Koch Industries, the energy conglomerate founded by their father. But in the 1980s, David and Charles bought out Bill and a fourth brother, Frederick. Bill sued, igniting a bitter feud that ran nearly two decades.
David Rosow remembers the night that it was settled. Koch told him to come over for dinner and the toll of the fight became evident.
ROSOW: Bill was ebullient. He cried. And he passed out from exhaustion.
OVERBY: Away from the family business, Bill Koch built his own company, Oxbow Carbon. Its main product is calcined petroleum coke, an essential ingredient in producing aluminum. He later had Oxbow lobby against Cape Wind, a wind farm proposed for Nantucket Sound off Cape Cod, where Koch has a home.
Brad Goldstein, a spokesman for Koch, says it's not just that the off-shore wind turbines would be ugly...
BRAD GOLDSTEIN: We did the economics on Cape Wind and we felt that it was economically unfeasible. We still believe that today.
OVERBY: Mark Rodgers is a spokesman for the Cape Wind project.
MARK RODGERS: He certainly has placed himself, I think, in a higher visibility role in opposing the project than maybe some other big donors who preferred to remain more secret.
OVERBY: But its Bill Koch's collecting that keeps him in the news. He has a huge art collection and 40,000 bottles of wine. A few years ago he sued a dealer who sold him some wine that supposedly had belonged to Thomas Jefferson.
Benjamin Wallace wrote a book about the ongoing dispute called "The Billionaire's Vinegar."
BENJAMIN WALLACE: There are very few very wealthy wine collectors who are willing to ever stand up and admit that they were duped, and then spend millions of dollars of their own money to try to hold people accountable.
OVERBY: But one thing Bill Koch hasn't thrown himself into is politics. He's given small amounts to many politicians and $300,000 to the Democratic National Committee a dozen or so years ago. In 2008, Republican nominee John McCain's campaign listed Koch as one of its big fundraisers.
Brad Goldstein says Koch's involvement now is with Mitt Romney, not with the Republican Party.
GOLDSTEIN: He has a personal relationship with Mitt that goes back to when Bill Koch was in Massachusetts, and that was back in the '80s.
OVERBY: Goldstein says that Koch likes Romney's policies on free trade.
GOLDSTEIN: And he believes that Mitt supports individual liberties. And he feels that the current administration is encroaching on individual liberties by instituting too many regulations.
OVERBY: Koch is on the Romney campaign's Florida fundraising team. And he has given $2 million to the pro-Romney superPAC. Only 10 Americans have contributed $2 million or more to superPACs in this election cycle. But that amount of money can look different in Bill Koch's world.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: All right, set your sights, ladies and gentlemen. Somebody give me(ph) a million dollars.
OVERBY: A year ago, Koch was at an auction of Old West artifacts. That's something else he collects with a passion, and he was there to bring home the only known photograph of Billy the Kid.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Two million, two million one and - sold it. Two million dollars. Two million dollars.
(SOUNDBITE OF CHEERING)
OVERBY: For $2 million, Koch got his Billy The Kid. The auction took all of two and a half minutes.
Peter Overby, NPR News, Washington.
NPR transcripts are created on a rush deadline by a contractor for NPR, and accuracy and availability may vary. This text may not be in its final form and may be updated or revised in the future. Please be aware that the authoritative record of NPR’s programming is the audio.