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With the presidential campaign heating up, Florida is caught up in a controversy over who gets to vote. State officials are in the midst of purging voters from the election rolls - unfairly, some say, in a dispute reminiscent of 2000, when Florida officials were criticized for mistakenly removing legal voters from the polls during a purge of convicted felons.

This time around, the state is working to keep non-citizens from voting. From Miami, NPR's Greg Allen reports.

GREG ALLEN, BYLINE: Bill Internicola is a 91-year-old, World War II vet who was born and raised in Brooklyn and now lives in Florida's Broward County. He recently received a letter from county elections officials, asking him to show proof he was a U.S. citizen or be removed from the voting rolls. Internicola says he was flabbergasted.

BILL INTERNICOLA: To me, it's like an insult. They sent me a form to fill out. And I filled out the form, and I sent it back to them with a copy of my discharge paper, my tour of duty in ETO - which is European Theater of Operation.

ALLEN: Internicola's was one of more than 180,000 names Florida's secretary of state identified from motor vehicle records as a possible non-citizen. Several weeks ago, the secretary's office sent to county elections supervisors a first batch of some 2,600 names. County officials started sending out letters to suspected non-citizens, saying they had 30 days to prove their citizenship or they'd be removed from the voting rolls. And that's when things started to get hot.

REP. ALCEE HASTINGS: I think most of us know that what this is about is voter suppression.

ALLEN: Democratic congressman Alcee Hastings joined Bill Internicola this week at a news conference. It was called by Ted Deutch, a Democratic congressman from Broward County. With Florida's August 14th primary fast approaching, Deutch and other Democrats have written a letter to the state's Republican governor, Rick Scott, asking him to suspend the voter purge.

REP. TED DEUTCH: Why is this happening less than three months before an election? Why is there only a 30-day period for people to be able to respond? It looks like there is an effort to purge a larger number of voters from the rolls, whether they're eligible voters or not.

ALLEN: The secretary of state's spokesman, Chris Cate, says his office is working to improve the process, spending about a $100,000 to update their records. But even with the new list, he concedes, it's likely some eligible voters will be mistakenly identified as non-citizens.

CHRIS CATE: We certainly don't want anybody to be inconvenienced by the process. But we also believe that everyone will understand that it's in the best interest of our election process to make sure only eligible voters can cast a ballot.

ALLEN: Democrats and voting rights groups say the majority of those targeted by the purge are Hispanics and other minority voters. Last week, a coalition of voting-rights groups sent a letter to Florida's secretary of state, Ken Detzner, asking him to immediately call a halt to the voter purge because, they say, it's both unfair and illegal.

Penda Hair is co-director of one of the groups, the Advancement Project.

PENDA HAIR: It's in violation of the National Voter Registration Act, which prohibits purging voters within 90 days of a federal election. And the reason it prohibits that is because of what's happening here - which is that such purges create chaos; they create intimidation for voters.

ALLEN: The secretary of state's office says it reads the law differently, and plans to continue its efforts to remove ineligible voters from the rolls. And on that front, it's begun a new effort. Florida's top elections officials recently sent to the counties a list of 53,000 people believed to be dead, who should be removed from the voter rolls. That's something county elections officials do routinely, using death notices.

Susan Bucher, the supervisor of elections for Palm Beach County, says she held off sending letters to people identified as potential non-citizens because she had questions about the state's methodology. With that experience in mind, she's leery about this new list as well.

SUSAN BUCHER: In the situation with the deceased persons, we have no evidence. They just told us about it. And so I'd like to see some documentation so that I can do research, to make sure that that's not faulty, also.

ALLEN: Democrats say it's a repeat of the 2000 Bush-Gore election, when Secretary of State Katherine Harris oversaw a purge of convicted felons that disenfranchised thousands of eligible voters.

And here's a reminder of why disputes in Florida over voter eligibility are so important: That election, you'll recall, was decided by just 537 votes.

Greg Allen, NPR News, Miami.

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