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RACHEL MARTIN, HOST:

The European Soccer Championship is taking place for the first time in former Eastern Bloc countries Ukraine and Poland. The tournament is supposed to highlight Europe's post-Cold War unity, but as David Stern reports, the age-old plagues of racism and nationalism persist.

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DAVID STERN, BYLINE: It's Africa day at a Kiev disco. Ukraine is home to a small number of Africans and Asians, many of whom came during the Soviet period. One of the African community's leaders here in the Kiev is Charles Assante-Yeboa, president of Kiev's Africa Center. He says that four years ago, a group of Ukrainians wielding knives and clubs attacked him.

CHARLES ASSANTE-YEBOA: Dark-skinned people are not very much safe in Ukraine. We don't go to the places where we know that we could be privy to attacks.

STERN: And a recent BBC report warned that widespread racism in Ukraine and Poland threatened black and Asian fans at the Euro 2012 games. That report outraged many Ukrainians and Poles. Oleg Voloshyn, a spokesman for Ukraine's foreign ministry, acknowledged Ukrainians are capable of making racist remarks in the privacy of their homes.

OLEG VOLOSHYN: But does is mean that these people are ready to take to the streets tomorrow with knives, with sticks and attack people just because they have different color? Surely not.

STERN: But Max Tucker of Amnesty International says the situation for blacks and Asians is far from safe, though attacks are down slightly in recent years.

MAX TUCKER: They've still reported to us at least - and this might be all the cases we know - 50 violent racial assaults last year. In a country with so few black or colored immigrants, that is an astonishingly high number.

UNIDENTIFIED CROWD: (Chanting in foreign language)

STERN: Rabid nationalism and soccer have long been a toxic mix in Europe. England and the Netherlands have struggled with violent soccer hooligans.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (foreign language spoken)

STERN: During this current championship, Russia supporters brutally attacked stadium ushers after a game in Warsaw. And police used water cannons, tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse Polish and Russian fans who clashed before a game. Nearly 200 people were arrested. Fears of racism have kept the families of some black players away from the games. But English fan Prince Conniff has had no trouble.

PRINCE CONNIFF: I had thought a low point might be the negativity towards English or maybe black people - and me being black and English, I've had no problem whatsoever.

STERN: Charles Assante-Yeboa of the Africa Center was hoping to see many people of color at Euro 2012 games.

ASSANTE-YEBOA: We also see that it's an opportunity to, I mean, for Ukrainian people to see the diverse number of people who live in Europe.

STERN: For NPR News, I'm David Stern in Kiev, Ukraine.

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MARTIN: This is NPR News.

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