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In politics, money talks. And money from gay and lesbian donors is talking louder than ever in this election cycle. That's partly the result of President Obama's endorsement of same-sex marriage and partly because some Republicans are starting to shift their views. NPR's Ari Shapiro has more.
ARI SHAPIRO, BYLINE: When gays and lesbians started the Human Rights Campaign in the 1980s, they knew that the path to influence in Washington is paved with cash. Write a politician a check and he's more likely to listen to you. The problem was, back then most politicians didn't want anything to do with gay people or their money.
In 1988, the Dukakis presidential campaign rejected a $1 million donation from gay donors.
WINNIE STACHELBERG: It was almost an embarrassment to be supported by the gay community.
SHAPIRO: When Winnie Stachelberg became a Human Right's Campaign political director in the mid-1990s, that embarrassment still existed. She tried to hand out checks to political candidates, and some of them told her to wait.
STACHELBERG: They would count on the $5,000 contribution, but they wanted to make sure that it was dated after the Tuesday where it would appear on a filing.
SHAPIRO: So that voters wouldn't know they had been accepting money from gays?
STACHELBERG: Right. Voters wouldn't know and clearly attack ads would have been made.
SHAPIRO: That was less than 20 years ago. Today, well, things have changed.
NEIL PATRICK HARRIS: President Obama will be coming out soon. Out on stage. Calm down, people.
SHAPIRO: That was openly gay actor Neil Patrick Harris introducing President Obama at a fundraiser packed with gay and lesbian celebrities a year ago. At the same event this year, their wallets opened even wider, thanks to this announcement the president made in May.
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: I think same-sex couples should be able to get married.
SHAPIRO: That statement resulted in a dramatic fundraising spike for President Obama. Over the 72 hours following the announcement, donations to his campaign committees nearly tripled. He took in nearly $9 million over three days, compared to $3.5 million in the three previous days. These numbers are based on an NPR analysis of campaign filings with the Federal Election Commission. They include contributions from people who gave at least $200.
David Bohnett is a gay philanthropist and Democratic political activist who has seen his friends step up in the last month.
DAVID BOHNETT: People who may have sat on the sidelines are now coming in in full force as a result of the president's and the administration's support for marriage equality. There's no question about that.
SHAPIRO: One of the biggest changes in gay money these days is that it's flowing to both parties. The man who led President George W. Bush's re-election campaign, Ken Mehlman, is now a major fundraiser for gay causes. Vice President Dick Cheney's lesbian daughter was recently married. And a top Mitt Romney supporter recently started a superPAC to back Republican candidates who favor same-sex marriage.
That donor, Paul Singer, spoke at a fundraiser in 2010. The gay news blog Towleroad posted this video of his comments.
PAUL SINGER: I believe a generation from now gay marriage will be seen as a profoundly traditionalizing act. It will have channeled love into the most powerful social institution on Earth - marriage itself.
SHAPIRO: So far, only one Republican in Congress has endorsed gay marriage. That's Ileana Ros-Lehtinen of Florida. But Christian Berle of the Log Cabin Republicans says other GOP lawmakers are on the brink.
CHRISTIAN BERLE: We have been in conversations with a number of members who are looking to move in that direction. There's one that it's most likely a matter of months, not years.
SHAPIRO: There is a chicken-egg question here: Does money flow to politicians because the lawmakers take pro-gay positions? Or do the lawmakers take those positions because they hope it'll bring a flood of gay donors?
Winnie Stachelberg, who's now at the liberal Center for American Progress, says the dynamics are not that simple. A big check can make it easier for a lawmaker to take a controversial position.
STACHELBERG: When you urge people to vote a certain way, when you say that there will be support after you take this vote and it may be tough for you, we will be there to support you.
SHAPIRO: That's what happened in New York State last year. Four Republican state senators helped same-sex marriage over the finish line. National groups opposing gay marriage raised money vowing to unseat those lawmakers. And wealthy gay donors stepped up with millions for those Republican politicians to defend themselves. The lawmakers will find out in November whether they survive.
Ari Shapiro, NPR News, Washington.