MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
Washington is moving on to business as usual one day after the Supreme Court upheld nearly all of President Obama's health care law. Business as usual means supporters praising the law's virtues and opponents calling for its demise. NPR's Julie Rovner has this brief tour around the capital.
JULIE ROVNER, BYLINE: Over at Georgetown University Law School, one of several panels of health law experts convened to dissect the court's ruling and what it might mean going forward. Gregg Bloche is a Georgetown law professor.
GREGG BLOCHE: Implementation will proceed, but the pace will vary. Tea Party-dominated states will slow walk or stage their versions of a sit-down strike over creation of insurance exchanges and many other features, including Medicaid expansion.
ROVNER: That's because the one thing the court's decision did change was to make the health law's huge Medicaid expansion optional for the states rather than mandatory. A few blocks away at the conservative Heritage Foundation, Texas Attorney General Greg Abbott, one of the plaintiffs who sued over the Medicaid expansion, made kind of a startling confession. He said the 26 states who sued over Medicaid never expected to prevail. They claimed that the federal government was being too heavy handed in forcing the states to add some 17 million more people to Medicaid's rolls.
GREG ABBOT: We thought we didn't have a chance to win this case. We inserted it in part to ensure that we had standing. We thought multiple times about abandoning the claim altogether because of the magnitude of the legal challenge. Policy-wise, we knew we had to challenge the Medicaid expansion mandate. Legally, we thought it was a loser all along.
ROVNER: Meanwhile, on this day after its huge legal victory, the Obama administration made what it called a, quote, "important" announcement about the Affordable Care Act. Of course, it makes one of these about once a week. Today's turned out to be new money available to states to help them plan their health exchanges. Those are the online marketplaces where individuals and small firms will be able to shop for coverage. And it turns out the legal challenges to the law aren't in fact all over. Part of the law that requires most insurance plans to provide prescription contraceptives takes effect in just a few weeks. Nearly two dozen lawsuits have been filed charging that it violates religious freedom.
JENNIFER MARSHALL: They represent 56 plaintiffs, so far, and they now become the next legal battleground for Obamacare.
ROVNER: Jennifer Marshall is head of domestic policy studies for The Heritage Foundation. She says while the law gives religious employers like hospitals or universities an additional year to come into compliance with the rules, that doesn't apply to businesses that are simply owned by someone who has a moral objection to offering the coverage.
MARSHALL: Because of that, several such family businesses have filed suit. and the Alliance Defense Fund has asked for a preliminary injunction in one of those suits by August 1st, so that that family business doesn't have to begin planning for a health plan that will violate its conscience.
ROVNER: Those with religious objections to contraception aren't the only ones worried about how the law will be implemented. The health insurance industry is still unhappy with the way that insurance mandate is crafted. Mark Bertolini, who heads insurance giant Aetna, says he's worried that young healthy people won't sign up for insurance until they need it.
MARK BERTOLINI: Think of it this way: If everyone could buy homeowner's insurance as the loss was about to occur or as it was occurring, our homeowner insurance would be very expensive.
ROVNER: The industry is hoping that either the penalty for not getting insurance will be made larger or some other way can be found to ensure that people eligible for coverage actually sign up. Julie Rovner, NPR News, Washington.
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