RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:
We're hearing, daily, now about the devastating drought that's taking hold in the Midwest. In Texas, the drought that started last year is getting much better. A year ago, crops were drying in the field, cattle were slowly starving and the state was on fire - literally. From Dallas, NPR's Wade Goodwyn has the story.
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UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Now, breaking news from KSAM News.
WADE GOODWYN, BYLINE: What a difference a year makes.
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UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: The damage across central Texas is widespread. Two people now dead, hundreds of families homeless, many neighborhoods are now in ruins in some areas...
GENE HALL: If you look at the way we were thinking and feeling on the last July the 16th, that was desperation. That was despair.
GOODWYN: If you want to find true despair in a drought, talk to farmers. Gene Hall at the Texas Farm Bureau represents nearly 100,000 of them. Hall says the Lone Star State had never seen anything like the blast furnace that was last summer. County wide fires raging out of control, thousands of skinny cattle flooding auction, dying horses abandoned roadside by desperate grief stricken owners. Hall says herds of cattle built painstakingly over decades had to be sold completely.
HALL: When you've built up those genetics over a long period of time, boy, it's tough to have to sell that.
GOODWYN: As the heartless August of 2011 turned hot September and finally blessed October, meteorologists told Texans to expect more year of the same La Nina drought. Happily, they were wrong.
HALL: Most of the state has gotten some very timely winter and spring rains, even summer rains. And right here in July, we're looking at about between three and five inches of rain here in Central Texas and that's just almost unprecedented. So it is a very different situation we're looking at.
GOODWYN: The relief is not uniform but it is widespread. In North Texas, the lakes filled back up completely. June was hot and dry, which damaged corn crops. But then in July, surprisingly, the skies opened up in central, east and parts of south Texas, dumping up to six inches at a time and causing sporadic flash flooding. Facebook was full of Texans tickled pink.
MARK SVOBODA: It's in much better shape in the eastern corridor of the state. Say from Houston, on a transect, up to the northwest towards Dallas.
GOODWYN: Mark Svoboda is a climatologist with the Drought Mitigation Center in Lincoln, Nebraska.
SVOBODA: Well, it's good news for a change, you know. It's been a long 18, 22 month period. You know, the drought really started to come on late in the fall of 2010. Last year, for any single year, one of the worst, if not the worst, on record. Fortunately, though, that didn't continue into this summer as far as that same intensity and intensity is a big part of how much impact you can expect to see out of a drought. So that's probably what's keep this from looking like the 1950's.
GOODWYN: Svoboda says Texas is not out of the woods. A multi year drought will sometimes be broken in the second or third year by a wet spell, a wet spell that goes away and doesn't come back.
SVOBODA: Does that mean that's where we are now? No, I think it's too early to say. But this trend has occurred when we didn't expect it so much, and it's, sort of, been independent of any really active tropical storm activity.
GOODWYN: For now, the rains have increased the water content in the soil. Moist soils tend to cool the atmosphere, which in turn, encourages precipitation, the negative feedback loop in reverse. When September turns to October, Texas eyes will turn skyward and look to see just what sort of future Mother Nature is writing for them there.
Wade Goodwyn, NPR News, Dallas.
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