DAVID GREENE, HOST:
This is MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. Good morning. I'm David Greene.
STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:
And I'm Steve Inskeep.
Let's return now to our series First and Main. We're visiting swing counties in swing states listening to voters where they live. We want to understand what's shaping their thinking this election year.
You may recall we began a couple of weeks ago in Hillsborough County, Florida. And this week, David is going to take us to Winnebago County, Wisconsin, a county that went Republican in the 2004 presidential election and flipped to the Democrats in 2008.
GREENE: That's right, Steve. And really to understand Wisconsin politics, you've got to remember what that state has been through: this bitter fight over whether to recall Republican Governor Scott Walker.
GREENE: The governor led the effort to cut back collective bargaining rights for state employees, made a lot of people angry. But he had more supporters than detractors, and he was able to hang on to his job. Well, it has been two months now since that whole battle, and my first stop, a lakeside city in Winnebago County.
We landed in Oshkosh, Wisconsin on a weekday right at lunchtime, noontime and, God, what a great vibe. We're right on Main Street in the center of the city. Along the lake there's - just classic. I mean, the Monument Square Barber Shop in front of me, this park with people sprawled out on the grass, eating ice cream pops and listening to what looks like a great jazz band playing some music for the lunch crowd.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)
GREENE: But that really happy vibe on the square almost gave us the feeling that people are desperate for some kind of release.
And that's just what we heard when we walked into the New Moon Cafe right on the square along Main Street to sit down with a few people from the local unions: one teacher, two librarians and a corrections officer.
Hi, I'm David. Very much to meet you. Thank you for meeting us.
PAULETTE FELD: Mm-hmm.
GREENE: Just to my right was Paulette Feld. She's a university librarian in Oshkosh and president of the Wisconsin State Employees Union. Her big, welcoming smile seemed to be hiding something.
FELD: Right now, I'm a little tired, I think just because we've been through so many campaigns.
GREENE: Including the failed campaign to recall the governor. Now, when Walker and the legislature limited collective bargaining for state employees, this group told me they felt they had lost most of their basic rights as workers. They are ready to keep fighting. But maybe just a little break?
FELD: I mean, I didn't plant my garden this summer until the middle of June. You know, I look at it now and I'm like, this is really pitiful. And that's the way the past year has been. So, feeling this way is kind of different for me. But I think it'll happen, and I'll get involved and I'll do what I have to do, like I always do.
GREENE: But do you worry that if there are a lot of people in the state like you who normally work to get out the vote...
GREENE: ...in unions, get out the vote for a Democratic candidate, but with everything you've been through here, you might too tired.
GREENE: You might rather tend to your garden to go out to a rally.
FELD: I - yeah. I think, you know, it's a lot harder for us who are involved in unions to be able to be doing things. We don't have all the options to get involved as we had before. We could get off of work and do a little bit of campaigning for people in the past. We can't do that anymore. So I think that's going to make a big difference.
GREENE: Across the table was Patti Clark-Stojke. She's a speech pathologist in the public schools. She was involved in the very first demonstrations against Governor Walker.
PATTI CLARK-STOJKE: And I think back to the irony of how freezing cold my feet got that day, and now thinking how that feels like our life has been for the past year and a half. Everything has been frozen, everything is cold and miserable. And, you know, to find happiness and joy in what we do that, you know, the things that we love to do in education and teaching children and helping them reach their potential, and it's hard to do when you're frozen.
GREENE: That loss of joy may well say something about the country as a whole. In Wisconsin and elsewhere, people have grown more frustrated in what's become a pretty bitter political environment.
CLARK-STOJKE: And, you know, we'd have conversation. We'd agree to disagree, and we'd compromise and we'd work together. Now there's such a polarization. The civility of it is what's so scary to me. I worry about that.
GREENE: Some people feel like the polarization has reached a point where neighbors...
GREENE: ...you know, have trouble even talking about politics if they disagree, and that that's something that the country rarely...
CLARK-STOJKE: Family. Right, you're talking about families. I just heard a story last night from another teacher. And she said, at Thanksgiving, I walked out of the room, and I walked into the kitchen. I found something else to do, because I wasn't going to get into a discussion or even an argument with a family member. She said, I made a vow from that day forward that at Christmas, Easter, whatever, family reunion, I'm not going to walk out of the conversation anymore, because I'm just as important as Uncle Walter or Aunt Beth.
So I was proud that, you know, a fellow educator was willing to step forward and say: You know what? Whether we agree or disagree, I'm going to have my voice.
GREENE: Have any of you had moments where, with a family member or friend, where you're like, my God, this has become really divisive? It's affecting me personally?
JASON MENZEL: Horrible. It's been horrible, yeah, with neighbors, with family members. You're just better off not talking about it, I found. I mean, I've been affected by it so adversely that I want to talk about it, but it's, like, trying to get through a two-layer-thick brick wall, because you can't get through them. I can explain as best I can all the horrible things that have happened to me in my work life. And everybody's, like, well, then find a new job. But it's not that simple, and somebody still has to do the job, one way or the other.
GREENE: Jason Menzel's job is as a corrections officer at a local prison. He's a soft-spoken young man who got really fired up in the fight to defend his union.
MENZEL: I've never been involved in politics until what happened in 2011 was thrown in my lap, and I realized how much I've been affected by it.
GREENE: And he'd like to get involved in a presidential campaign, only Jason's undecided. One thing that's perplexed him is the whole debate over health care. From what he's been able to decipher, he doesn't like President Obama's national health care law.
MENZEL: I don't think that we should have a national health care plan that everybody is put in the same category. I feel like - I joined the Department of Corrections, and I continue to work for the Department of Corrections because they have excellent health benefits. So if health benefits are important to you, I feel like you should be able to go out and find a job where you can get excellent health benefits.
GREENE: Jason's confusion about the Affordable Care Act is common, and as it turns out, a lot of people in Oshkosh are trying to get some answers. Joan Kaeding, the fourth member of our group, works at the reference desk at the Oshkosh Public Library. She was proudly wearing her button that says: Ask me about eBooks. Well, one thing people have been asking about is health care policy.
JOAN KAEDING: It's a very complicated plan. People don't understand it, haven't read it, including myself. Yes, I am at the library. I have access to it, but you can offer to print it out, you can offer to let them look at it. It is a really overwhelming document for people to understand and know what's in there. So more education needs to be done by the administration and all of us about what's in that plan.
GREENE: It's a common refrain we heard from voters during our visit to Wisconsin, that amid all the noise and rhetoric, the campaigns have forgotten how to give some simple explanations for their ideas. Now, the three women around the table with us at the New Moon Cafe said they will be voting for President Obama in November. As for Jason, he's always made up his mind at the eleventh hour.
MENZEL: I would go on the computer and I would Google search every candidate that I knew that I was going to be voting for, and I'd quick read up on them. And then from that, I would make my decision on who I would vote for. And I'd write it down on a little piece of paper, and I'd take that into the booth with me. But I would do my research the day before.
GREENE: Are you still open to deciding who to vote for if you Google in the next few months and - I mean, are you still open-minded if you...
MENZEL: Oh, absolutely. I'm still open-minded. Absolutely.
GREENE: So, you'll be Googling again.
MENZEL: I will be Googling again, the day of the election.
GREENE: Campaigns, take note: If you're looking for an undecided voter, here's one in Winnebago County, Wisconsin. Our series First and Main continues in Wisconsin tomorrow. We'll hear from a Republican-leaning couple. They're making ends meet by making meat - sandwiches - in a food truck in Oshkosh.
Do you both know who you're voting for yet in November?
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: We're not telling you. We won't, we won't...
UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: Mitt Romney, yeah.
GREENE: Did your wife just spill the beans?
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: I don't know. Maybe she did.
GREENE: To put faces with the voices you're hearing in our series First and Main, go to npr.org.
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