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Krumping, a form of dance that began in California, has made its way to the West African nation of Liberia. The word KRUMP is an acronym for Kingdom Radically Uplifted by Mighty Praise. The form was founded in African-American churches around Los Angeles.
Dancers would imitate the shaking of people's bodies when they were possessed by the Holy Spirit. Liberia, a nation founded by freed slaves, often embraces new American traditions, and krumping is no exception. Tamasin Ford went to visit a group of krumpers in Paynesville City on the outskirts of the capital, Monrovia.
(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)
TAMASIN FORD, BYLINE: The music starts up, masking the blare of the generator needed to power the beat box. Then they begin. Almost like a relay, they take it in turns to show their moves. Their bodies shake and contort to the beat. Their eyes are fixed in a stare with a fierce look of anger as they lose themselves in the music.
FRANKLYN DUNBAR: For me, when I'm krumping, like, if I'm, like, mad about something or, like, I'm not feeling easy, it takes a lot of stress out. You know, it really drains out all the anger or any, like, personal problem you have.
FORD: Seventeen-year-old Franklyn Dunbar was born in New York but moved back to his home country of Liberia with his mom seven years ago. Were you krumping in the states before you came here?
DUNBAR: No. If some of my friends saw me dancing in the states right now, they'd be, like, wow. When I was in America, I mean, like, I'd always want to dance. I'd be in my ma's room doing flips on my bed and stuff like that, but I was always shy. I basically learned how to dance in Liberia.
FORD: The moves involve intense, aggressive foot steps, chest thumps and wild arm waves. It's a more frenetic derivative of hip-hop dancing and developed in L.A.'s churches and gang communities. And now, krumping is sweeping across schools in Liberia. American culture is ingrained in every aspect of life here, from the political system right down to music and even the accent. So if top American artists are krumping, it's what Liberian kids want to be doing too. Cypha D'King and DJ Blue present and DJ at Hott FM, a popular music station in Monrovia.
CYPHA D'KING: Once it's a music video and it's on TV, you have artists like Chris Brown and other artists that they can relate to that are doing it so they see it as, OK, you know, this is a dance for our time.
DJ BLUE: Krumping was something fresh and brand new.
D'KING: Yeah. And it's a new thing. It's a new trend. So, you know, kids have got to follow the new trends.
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FORD: This dance crew, Phoenix Nights, say they dance wherever they can. There's even a place in the heart of the city hosting official dance battles. Twenty-one-year-old Abraham Vahn is the president of Phoenix Nights.
ABRAHAM VAHN: When it came 2008-2009, it was not really popular. But starting from 2010, you go any county, people are talking about krumping.
FORD: Last year, the country's first ever krump dance battle took place at the national stadium. It was organized by African Prodigies, a small charity promoting dance and culture in Liberia, set up by Franklyn's mom, Nowai Dunbar. More than 2,500 teenagers turned up.
NOWAI DUNBAR: These kids after the war really don't have anything. We have a lot of creative children, you know, in our country. It's just that we're not taking advantage of that.
FORD: This is the first generation of Liberians who didn't lose their teenage years in the civil war. More than a quarter of a million people were killed in the 14 years of fighting that ended in 2003. Recommendations have been put forward to the president to establish a national arts council, as well as ideas to introduce music, art and theater into schools. For Dunbar, Vahn and the rest of Phoenix Nights, they say something needs to be done to harness the country's talent. For NPR News, I'm Tamasin Ford in Liberia.