MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

Finally this hour, monster movies for the middle school set. Tim Burton's animated film "Frankenweenie" opens today. It tells the story of a boy and his not entirely alive dog. Our critic Bob Mondello notes it's the third recent computer animated kid flick to reinvent early horror movie tropes for a younger generation.

BOB MONDELLO, BYLINE: My dad told me that he and his big brother had to sneak out to see "Frankenstein" in 1931 because grandma thought they were too young - 12 and 13 at the time, they had plenty of Bronx swagger but...

(SOUNDBITE OF THUNDER)

MONDELLO: As they huddled together in the far-reaches of the balcony and Boris Karloff's lifeless fingers twitched for the first time, they were both scared shoutless.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "FRANKENSTEIN")

COLIN CLIVE: (As Henry Frankenstein) It's alive. It's alive, it's alive.

MONDELLO: My own first exposure to the Frankenstein story was comic, on TV, where at about the age of eight, I saw the monster, played this time by Glenn Strange, chasing Abbott and Costello.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ABBOTT AND COSTELLO MEET FRANKENSTEIN")

BUD ABBOTT AND LOU COSTELLO: (As Abbott and Costello) Wow. (Unintelligible)

MONDELLO: Decades later, my nephews were also introduced to him on TV by Peter Boyle's tap dancing monster in "Young Frankenstein."

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "YOUNG FRANKENSTEIN")

PETER BOYLE: (As The Monster) (Singing) Putting on the Ritz.

MONDELLO: Now, Tim Burton gives us the world's first stop-motion black-and-white Imax movie "Frankenweenie," about an animated kid who reanimates his pooch Sparky, after an auto accident.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "FRANKENWEENIE")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Your dog is alive.

MONDELLO: What's happened to Frankenstein has also happened to most of the creatures from Universal's horror vaults. Dracula, who runs an inn for monsters in the new kid flick "Hotel Transylvania," has been so thoroughly eclipsed by his pop-culture cousins that should real vampires venture into an elementary schoolyard these days, they'd likely inspire more tweets than shrieks.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "HOTEL TRANSYLVANIA")

ANDY SAMBERG: (As Jonathan Stein) That cape thing is killing it.

MONDELLO: Same thing with werewolves. Especially if they've been working on their washboard abs like "Twilight's" Taylor Lautner. And the hunchbacks, mummies and phantoms who used to haunt cathedrals and opera houses, all mere objects of fun these days.

(SOUNDBITE OF HORROR MOVIE)

UNIDENTIFIED MAN 2: Who beats me?

UNIDENTIFIED MAN 3: Guilty.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN 2: Yeah, very amusing invisible man. Hello, great to see you.

MONDELLO: Which is maybe as it should be. Parents don't want tykes traumatized on Halloween. But it's interesting how monsters have evolved into such tame kid stuff since their '30s movie heyday. Credit that to a little animated poltergeist named Casper and his descendants.

(SOUNDBITE OF THEME SONG FROM TV SHOW, "CASPER THE FRIENDLY GHOST")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN 4: (Singing) Casper the friendly ghost, the friendliest ghost you know.

MONDELLO: Casper started out as a movie cartoon in the 1940s, then graduated to TV where he was soon joined by family-friendly "Munsters" and "The Addams Family." Movies followed suit with critters of various nonthreatening sorts, from Wookies...

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "STAR WARS")

PETER MAYHEW: (As Chewbacca) (unintelligible)

HARRISON FORD: (As Han Solo) Chewie is that you?

MONDELLO: To ogres...

(SOUNDBITE OF "SHREK")

MIKE MYERS: (As Shrek) He's my donkey.

MONDELLO: And a buddy act involving a big eye and fur ball.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "MONSTERS, INC.")

BILLY CRYSTAL: (As Mike Wazowski) There's no kid.

JOHN GOODMAN: (As James P. "Sulley" Sullivan) All right.

CRYSTAL: (As Mike Wazowski) There's supposed to be a kid.

GOODMAN: (As James P. "Sulley" Sullivan) All right.

CRYSTAL: (As Mike Wazowski) There's no kid to scare.

GOODMAN: (As James P. "Sulley" Sullivan) Don't panic.

CRYSTAL: (As Mike Wazowski) I'm panicking. 'Cause there's a total lack of kid here.

MONDELLO: In 2001, "Shrek" and "Monsters, Inc." reset the whole kid flick genre by becoming the two biggest computer animated movies ever. And that cued this burst of movie vault grave-robbing. "Frankenweenie" is an obvious riff on "Frankenstein." "Hotel Transylvania" has Count Dracula hosting critters from Wolfman to The Hunchback of Notre Dame. And "ParaNorman" centers on a kid who sees dead people in a distinctly "Sixth Sense" sort of way.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "PARANORMAN")

TUCKER ALBRIZZI: (As Neil) So does everyone come back as a ghost?

KODI SMIT-MCPHEE: (As Norman Babcock) No, my grandma told me it's usually people who still have stuff to figure out or sometimes it's the ones who died suddenly or in a bad way.

MONDELLO: Kids will get a little life lesson, while parents hear movie references, which is how kid flicks almost always work these days. No one expects children to know the star of the silent horror classic "Nosferatu" was a guy named Max Shrek but cinema buffs might. They'll also recognize whole scenes from the original "Frankenstein" in Tim Burton's "Frankenweenie." And some will even note that Winona Ryder is voicing a surly little girl...

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "FRANKENWEENIE")

WINONA RYDER: (As Elsa Van Helsing) She's not in the house and she's away from your tulips.

MONDELLO: Who looks and, of course, sounds just like the character she played in another Tim Burton horror spoof, "Bettlejuice."

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "BEETLEJUICE")

RYDER: (As Lydia Deetz) My whole life is a dark room. One big dark room.

MONDELLO: It's worth noting that monsters, even the ones these new films aim at children, have the same purpose that they did when they were terrifying older generations. They represent our fears: fear of the dark, of the unknown, of illness, of things unpredictable, feelings untamable - which is why even the tamest of these new monster movies gets rated PG, not G. The difference is, these monsters are not designed to be scary. They're designed to be outwitted. And happily, although grownups are so clueless that they sometimes don't even believe in monsters, kids are around to outwit them. I'm Bob Mondello.

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