MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
Though John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo became known as the D.C. snipers, they're suspected of committing murders across the country before they got to the D.C. area. After his arrest, Malvo confessed to killing a woman in Tacoma, Washington, earlier that year - in February of 2002. As he and Muhammad made their way from the Pacific Northwest to the East Coast, Malvo said they committed dozens of crimes. They've been linked to killings in Arizona, Alabama and Louisiana.
Muhammad and Malvo made it to Maryland at least a month before their D.C. killing spree. They wanted money to buy a car. In Clinton, Maryland, they staked out an Italian restaurant - Margellina. Each night, its owner - Paul LaRuffa - would close the restaurant around 10 o'clock, and walk to his car. The pair watched LaRuffa for two nights. On the third, LaRuffa put his laptop, and a briefcase with roughly $3,500, in the backseat. As soon as he got behind the wheel, Lee Boyd Malvo walked up and shot LaRuffa five times, then took the briefcase and the computer.
PAUL LARUFFA: Before I could start the car - or do anything, the window next to me just exploded and shattered glass all over me, with the first shot - deafened my left ear. And the rest of the shots came in, and they all hit me. It was mind-boggling. I mean, it was just - your world changes in a split-second. So I raised up in the seat after it was quiet, and I realized I was bleeding. So I held my hand over my chest, and I opened the door, and I got to my feet and got out, and hoped that somebody was there. And one of the people I left with was there; dialed - walking towards me, and he dialed 911 on his cellphone. And they took me to the trauma center. And I made it there in time, and they saved my life.
BLOCK: What do you remember thinking, at the time, about why you had been shot?
LARUFFA: Part of the mental situation you have is that you don't know why. You were fine one minute, and then somebody shot you; and you can't explain it. So not knowing that was the reason for that month - from September 5th until after Muhammad and Malvo were caught, in October - mentally, I went through hell. I had horrible flashbacks, and I relived that moment daily.
And the good part was that shortly after they were captured - and they found my computer in their car, and they put the whole thing together - the whole event together - knowing that Malvo was the guy who shot me. And once that was done, shortly thereafter, I was OK. And I believe a lot of it is because then, I knew who did it; and I just felt a lot better. And it's like it is today. I'm absolutely OK. I never had another flashback. I've told the story - literally, hundreds of times. And I think that helped me, too.
BLOCK: Mr. LaRuffa, John Allen Muhammad was executed in 2009.
BLOCK: Did you agree with that punishment?
LARUFFA: Yes. I didn't really have a problem with it because, as one of the prosecutors said, the death penalty is reserved for the worst of the worst. And how can you argue that this man wasn't the worst of the worst?
BLOCK: Did you think about whether you wanted to observe the execution? I don't know if you were...
LARUFFA: Yeah, I was ...
BLOCK: ...you were asked if you wanted to.
LARUFFA: ... I was - I wrote a little memo to be read, and handed out, at the execution. And I wrote this thing that said, I didn't want him to steal another day of my life. So I didn't attend, but I understood why some people needed to be there. I had no need to be there. And I told it - in this letter, I said, I will enjoy my grandchildren on that night.
We went out to dinner - and that's what I did. I wanted to do something happy and nice that night, just to show that he wasn't going to make me miserable for a day, seven years later.
BLOCK: How much is the shooting still a part of your life, 10 years after it happened?
LARUFFA: Well, it doesn't haunt me. It's just part of my life. I have absolutely accepted it as part of my life. And I learned, somewhere along the line, that it was OK to feel good that I survived. And the fact that I felt pretty darn happy that I had lived - it was OK to feel that way.
BLOCK: Mr. LaRuffa, I don't know how old your grandchildren are, but I'm wondering whether you have talked to them about what happened; and what you would want them to know about violence and crime, and their place in the world.
LARUFFA: Well, they're - my grandson, his birthday is today and he's 13 - which is hard for me to believe. And then I have two granddaughters that are 11 and 8. They basically knew something happened, but I don't think my son has told them much about it. They know I was shot. So I plan to show them, when they get a little older - I have multiple newspaper articles, and I've saved a lot of things that explain the whole situation. And I would hope that they would look through that and read that, and understand what happened. I would like them to get a sense that violence exists - you can't hide from it - and I would like them to also get a feeling that it's good that I survived, and that you can survive bad things; that bad things can happen, disappointments can happen. And you can survive, and get through them.
BLOCK: Well, Paul LaRuffa, thank you so much for talking with us today.
LARUFFA: You're quite welcome.
BLOCK: Paul LaRuffa was shot five times by one of the D.C. snipers - Lee Boyd Malvo - in September 2002. He sold his restaurant, he's retired - and says he wants to use his experience to help other victims of violent crime, and their families.