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"The Star-Spangled Banner" is notoriously hard to sing. Back in 1945, the U.S. government commissioned a singable version of the national anthem, in Spanish. It paid a Peruvian immigrant to do the translation. Over the decades, her version was forgotten, and nearly lost. Now, you can hear it as part of a new exhibit at the Smithsonian, here in Washington. NPR's Lauren Silverman takes a listen.

LAUREN SILVERMAN, BYLINE: In 2006, Roger Arias II went into his garage, searching for a long-lost treasure. He remembered a story about his grandmother, and a Spanish translation of the national anthem.

ROGER ARIAS II: I dug through my boxes. And sure enough, there was a folder, and it said "The National Anthem." And she had version one through 10. She kept every one of them.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER")

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: (Singing in foreign language)

SILVERMAN: Clotilde Arias wrote the translation at the end of World War II. President Franklin Roosevelt was trying to win allies through cultural exchange. So he sent artists - like Walt Disney and Orson Welles - to Latin America, and commissioned translations of patriotic songs to send abroad.

MARVETTE PEREZ: They wanted Latin America to know how great a country the U.S. was, and what better way than through the national anthem?

SILVERMAN: That's Marvette Perez, the curator of the exhibit showcasing the Spanish translation. She explains the State Department already had translations of the national anthem in other languages - in Japanese, German, even Yiddish. But...

PEREZ: That doesn't mean they can be sung. They wanted a singable one. They wanted people to be able to sing it; and Clotilde Arias, apparently, did a marvelous job.

SILVERMAN: The museum couldn't find any recordings of Arias' translation, so they commissioned a Washington, D.C.-based choir called Coral Cantigas, to bring it back to life.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER")

CORAL CANTIGAS: (Singing in foreign language)

SILVERMAN: Clotilde Aria's son, who's now 82, was at the opening of the exhibit.

ROGER ARIAS: I was there when she was writing it.

SILVERMAN: Roger Arias remembers his mother sitting at the piano in their Brooklyn apartment, working on draft after draft.

ARIAS: She'd sing it in her own way to see if it fits and she says, how does that sound, sonny? And I says - anything she did, sounded good to me. But yes, she struggled through it; but it made it work.

SILVERMAN: Clotilde Arias was born in the small Peruvian city of Iquitos, in 1901. She loved music and at 22, moved to New York City to become a composer. She started working for ad agencies, writing jingles for big name American companies, like Alka Seltzer...

(SOUNDBITE OF ALKA SELTZER AD)

UNIDENTIFIED ANNOUNCER #1: (Singing in foreign language)

SILVERMAN: ...Ford Motor Company...

(SOUNDBITE OF FORD MOTOR COMPANY AD)

UNIDENTIFIED ANNOUNCER #2: (Singing in foreign language)

SILVERMAN: ...and Campbell's Soup.

(SOUNDBITE OF CAMPBELL'S SOUP AD)

UNIDENTIFIED ANNOUNCER #3: (Singing in foreign language)

SILVERMAN: Clotilde Arias maneuvered into professions dominated by men. And she excelled. But her grandson says she was most proud of "El Pendon Estrellado," her translation of "The Star Spangled Banner."

Lauren Silverman, NPR News.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER")

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN: (Singing in foreign language)

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