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Industry experts are predicting the U.S. could, in the coming years, overtake Saudi Arabia as the world's largest petroleum producer. That's because an oil boom is underway here in the U.S. As NPR's Jeff Brady reports, since 2008, domestic oil production has increased dramatically, reversing what was a nearly three-decade decline.
JEFF BRADY, BYLINE: There's been plenty of discussion about natural gas drilling booms around the country, but Adam Sieminski, with the U.S. Energy Information Administration, says there's also a big story when it comes to oil.
ADAM SIEMINSKI: Well, U.S. production had been trending down for a number of years and recently has moved up.
BRADY: Sieminski says last year, the U.S. produced more than five-and-a-half million barrels a day. Add in things like natural gas liquids, and that number rises to more than 10 million barrels a day.
SIEMINSKI: That puts you pretty close to Saudi Arabia's 11 million barrels a day plus of production.
BRADY: Saudi Arabia could always increase production from its vast reserves, but within the U.S. oil industry just the prospect of approaching Saudi Arabia's production is very appealing. At the research company IHS, people like John Larson have been examining the effect of that extra oil production on the U.S. economy.
JOHN LARSON: This is a remarkable change. It's truly transformative. It's fundamentally changing the energy outlook for this country.
BRADY: Much of the new oil being produced in the U.S. is by unconventional means, such as hydraulic fracturing or fracking. That involves pumping huge amounts of water underground along with sand and some chemicals. The pressure breaks up shale formations and releases oil. An IHS report this week shows this unconventional production supports 1.7 million jobs, and John Larson says that likely will increase to three million within eight years.
LARSON: This is about jobs. You know, it's about blue-collar jobs. These are good jobs. The average wage for these jobs is about $35 an hour.
BRADY: The new positions are in places like North Dakota, which is now the number two producer of oil in the U.S. behind Texas, and the industry anticipates big expansion. Rayola Dougher is a senior economic adviser for the American Petroleum Institute.
RAYOLA DOUGHER: If you look at Ohio, for example, they have great potential to be a major oil producer in the United States. Parts of Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Tennessee, I was in, you can see these basins all over the United States, and it's very exciting.
BRADY: But new technologies can carry new risks. Some worry hydraulic fracturing may pollute groundwater, and others warn there are potential problems in exploring for oil on new frontiers. Daniel Weiss is director of climate strategy at Center for American Progress.
DANIEL WEISS: In addition, oil companies want to open up areas off the northern coast of Alaska in the Arctic Ocean, where they are not prepared to address a major oil blowout or spill like we had in the Gulf of Mexico.
BRADY: The industry disputes that, and regulators are allowing exploratory drilling in the Arctic. In any case, it's clear the oil industry is drilling in new places and in new ways here in the U.S., and that's leading to a steep increase in domestic oil production. Jeff Brady, NPR News.
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