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TERRY GROSS, HOST:

Music critic Milo Miles has a review of the debut album by Ethiopian pianist Samuel Yirga. Milo says the young musician seems to capture the state of popular music in Ethiopia today because he's absorbed so much music from outside as well as inside his own country.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

MILO MILES, BYLINE: Ethiopia enjoys a rich tradition of enticing, elusive music, filled with asymmetric rhythms set to a haunting five-note scale and sly double-entendre lyrics in the Amharic language. Too bad that for Western listeners a full, clear picture of Ethiopian music has also been elusive.

The late '60s to the late '70s were a boom era for Ethiopian recordings, which all participants acknowledge as the Golden Age. This heady blend of folk ensembles, so-called Ethio-jazz bands and brash singers who incorporated soul and funk into traditional forms was documented in the admirable series of retrospective albums called "Ethiopiques," which was available here in the late '90s.

Since then, it's been harder to get a feel for the general tone of modern Ethiopian styles. But this year there's been a flurry of Ethiopian releases in America, and the key to it for me is 27-year-old pianist Samuel Yirga and his debut album, "Guzo."

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

MILES: Although he's only been playing for 10 years, Yirga is quite the sponge. His mix of folk vernacular and jazz improvisations on vintage Ethiopian tunes most recalls a similar folky fluency in South African pianist Abdullah Ibrahim, who likewise has no use for categories of high and popular art.

Yirga ranges around even further on "Guzo" with his reworking of "I Am the Black Gold of the Sun," originally done in 1971 by the group Rotary Connection. Yirga revitalizes the graceful beauty of the tune without going lush or sentimental. All that dates the track is the corny lyrics, and those are handled with understatement by singers Nicolette and Mel Gara.

(SOUNDBITE OF SONG, "I AM THE BLACK GOLD OF THE SUN")

NICOLETTE AND MEL GARA: (Singing) I am the white side of the sun. Father of the one. I am the black gold of the sun.

MILES: I didn't expect "Guzo" to be one of the stronger arguments for the album format I've heard in quite a while, but it is. Yirga will find his way into Ethiopian standards, display his flair for jazz over both solo and ensemble pieces, and do effortless homages to vintage soul, holding everything together with a voracious talent that savors each musical flavor. This is much more impressive when Yirga develops momentum and unity over the course of 11 tracks that show how much more he is than his parts.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

MILES: Be sure to check out Samuel Yirga's website for extra music and videos, particularly a vibrant live recording in London. Those who want to hear him as part of a band should explore his work with the group Dub Colossus.

And whoever needs to know more about Ethiopian music in general should grab the recent anthology "The Rough Guide to the Music of Ethiopia," which includes some classics from the Golden Age as well as Samuel Yirga and other adventurous moderns. While the Golden Age of Ethiopian music is past, a new one may be beginning.

GROSS: Milo Miles reviewed the debut album by Ethiopian pianist Samuel Yirga. You can see a video of him performing on our website freshair.npr.org, where you can also download podcasts of our show. And you can follow us on Twitter @nprfreshair and on Tumblr at nprfreshair.tumblr.com.

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