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Syrians who've been displaced by violence inside their country are now facing another deadly enemy: winter. Falling temperatures are becoming more and more dangerous. Three Syrian children died from the cold at a Jordanian refugee camp last month. International aid agencies say they are short of funds to help Syrians outside the country. Those displaced inside Syria, more than two-and-a-half million, get little help at all.
NPR's Deborah Amos visited a camp near the Syrian town of Atma, near the border with Turkey, where some private aid is getting through, but it's not nearly enough.
DEBORAH AMOS, BYLINE: Its early afternoon when the sun is bright and it's finally warm enough to come outside. This tent camp on a hill over looking the Turkish border houses more than 14,000 displaced Syrians.
(SOUNDBITE OF RUNNING WATER)
AMOS: The water here is trucked in, and it's the only source. Women line up with plastic jugs to haul the daily delivery back to the tents.
What is striking is the children, in dirty clothes and summer shoes, faces red and raw from the cold. There are no international aid agencies here. Private donors supply the tents, but there's never enough, says Mohammed al-Najar, a schoolteacher who arrived 50 days ago after his village in Idlib province was bombed.
MOHAMMED AL-NAJAR: Every day, a new arrival came to here.
AMOS: Can they get tents when they come here?
AL-NAJAR: No. You need to stay without a tent one day, maybe two days.
AMOS: So some people sleep outside?
AMOS: That's an improvement from the summer. Then, everyone in this camp slept outside in an olive grove - Syrians on the run, but refused entry to Turkey because those camps were full.
This camp is run by Syrian activists who raised money for tents and food. Then they recruited Syrian rebels who now guard the vulnerable population, mostly women and children.
It's getting better, says Syrian-American Yatzen Shishakly. He's one of the volunteers working at the camp. But it's still cold, muddy and wet, he says.
YATZEN SHISHAKLY: The camp itself is just like a small town now, and you have people selling stuff. We have security. We have - we've got all kind of people, but that doesn't mean that we're doing good.
(SOUNDBITE OF TRUCK ENGINE)
AMOS: A truck rolls through the dirt tracks.
UNIDENTIFIED MAN: (Foreign language spoken)
AMOS: Vegetables for sale, shouts the driver. There's also a small food stall produce spread out on a blanket.
Lettuce, some oranges, cauliflower, eggs for sale.
But most survive on shared daily donated rations: bread, jam, yogurt and cheese. Some packets are out of date, and the cheese smells bad.
Nidal Khalouf has a plan for better food distribution. He's a big man in military fatigues. He left a business in Romania to help out, because he has family in Syria.
NIDAL KHALOUF: (Foreign language spoken)
AMOS: We have a lot of problems with food, he says.
We walk down a dirt path to see the kitchen he's building, with donated gas burners and huge cooking pots. But with limited support, the biggest threat is still the winter, says Shishakly.
SHISHAKLY: Well, it is a disaster. Last week, when it rained, it was a disaster. When it's cold, we don't have enough blankets. You hear, like, the kids crying in our camp.
AMOS: There are more than 3,000 children here, says Hana, an engineer from Aleppo, who only gives her first name to protect her family in Syria. She drew up the plans for the camp, works as the chief administrator - an activist who once planned demonstrations in Aleppo, and now works to get heat and light turned on here.
HANA: We see - if the sun is go down, you cannot see.
AMOS: It's pitch black.
HANA: Yeah, and they fall down. They get injured. It's very bad. We start to talk to Turkish government to support us a little electricity.
AMOS: And did they say yes?
HANA: Not yet.
AMOS: Yet every day it gets colder and more Syrians arrive, only adding to the misery.
Deborah Amos, NPR News.
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