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LINDA WERTHEIMER, HOST:
This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. Scott Simon is away. I'm Linda Wertheimer.
This week saw both a frantic finally to the much unloved 112th Congress, and hours later the swearing in of the new 113th. The cast of lawmakers and their leaders is mostly unchanged, and as NPR's David Welna reports, the same can be said for Capitol Hill's never-ending drama over taxes, deficits and spending.
DAVID WELNA, BYLINE: What was arguably this week's most sensational congressional moment did not even take place in Washington. On Wednesday in Trenton, New Jersey, Republican Governor Chris Christie blasted the GOP-led House for closing down the last Congress without even considering a Superstorm Sandy disaster relief bill.
GOVERNOR CHRIS CHRISTIE: There's only one group to blame for the continued suffering of these innocent victims: the House majority and their speaker, John Boehner.
WELNA: Within hours, Speaker Boehner reversed course. He agreed to let the newly convened House take up part of the relief package, which it easily passed yesterday, and consider the rest of the aid in 10 days.
So while House Republicans have vowed to cut spending, the first legislation this new Congress voted on could add $60 billion to the national debt. After narrowly getting re-elected speaker on Thursday - despite a minor revolt by fellow Republicans - Boehner acknowledged what a challenge his job's become.
REPRESENTATIVE JOHN BOEHNER: Public service was never meant to be an easy living. Extraordinary challenges demand extraordinary leadership.
WELNA: Late in the evening of New Year's Day, Boehner did do something extraordinary for a Republican speaker - he brought the fiscal cliff bill passed overwhelmingly by the Senate to the House floor for a vote, even though most Republicans opposed it.
Doing so broke an unwritten rule they've operated under for years, which is that only those bills that have the support of the majority of the GOP majority get voted on. Most of the votes for the fiscal cliff bill came from House Democrats.
One was Washington state's Jim McDermott, who praised Boehner.
REPRESENTATIVE JIM MCDERMOTT: He made the right judgment for the people and for the country, and if his crazies want to sit over on the sidelines and, you know, throw rocks or yell or scream or do whatever they want, that's fine. But they're going to be more and more marginalized if John Boehner continues down this path of doing what's best for the American people.
WELNA: But out on the windy front steps of the Capitol, conservative Ohio Republican Jim Jordan said Boehner's straying from the majority of the majority rule was just a one-off event.
REPRESENTATIVE JIM JORDAN: I think that was a unique situation, you know - midnight on New Year's Day, end of the session. I think that was a unique situation. I don't think you're going to see that in the future.
WELNA: That it's not really setting a new precedent.
JORDAN: No. I don't think it's going to happen. I don't see it happening in the future. I think you're going to see our conference come together around Republican and conservative principles.
WELNA: Jordan says the next chance to do so will be when President Obama asks Congress to raise the debt ceiling probably later next month. But the president said Tuesday he's having no more debt ceiling fights with Congress.
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: While I'll negotiate over many things, I will not have another debate with this Congress over whether or not they should pay the bills that they've already racked up through the laws that they passed.
WELNA: Any more deficit reduction, the president added, will have to balance spending cuts with new revenue. GOP leaders on the Hill responded by declaring the revenue debate finished.
Congressional expert Jack Pitney of Claremont McKenna College says for Hill Republicans, it's now all about cutting spending.
JACK PITNEY: They believe that President Obama won a victory on taxes, and they're thirsting for a victory of their own.
WELNA: Indeed, the Senate's new Number two Republican, John Cornyn of Texas, wrote yesterday that, quote, "It may be necessary to partially shut down the government."
That brought a tart warning from Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid.
SENATOR HARRY REID: I think Mr. Cornyn better be careful. That's a stupid thing to do. He's strained for a fight; he's going to wind up losing it.
WELNA: Meet the new Congress, much like the old Congress.
David Welna, NPR News, the Capitol.
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