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The Superdome in New Orleans has hosted heavyweight fights, political conventions, papal visits and, after this weekend, seven Super Bowls. That's an NFL record. But no event looms larger in Superdome history than Hurricane Katrina, the 2005 storm that turned the stadium into a teeming homeless shelter. Many suggested the dome be torn down in the storm's aftermath, but New Orleans resisted. For New Orleanians, the Superdome was never just a stadium and after Katrina, it became a symbol of the city's rebirth. From New Orleans, Keith O'Brien reports.

KEITH O'BRIEN, BYLINE: During Katrina, reporters spared no hyperbole when describing scenes of human suffering in New Orleans.

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UNIDENTIFIED REPORTER: This is Dante's Inferno, Bill. There's no way to sugarcoat it. This is the most horrible thing I've ever seen in a civilized nation.

O'BRIEN: The Superdome, in particular, was described as a hell-hole, apocalyptic. And it was sort of true.

DOUG THORNTON: Well, the thing I remember most about it was the smell.

O'BRIEN: Doug Thornton is a senior vice president at SMG, the company that manages the dome. Like 30,000 others, he rode out the storm and its aftermath at the stadium - five long, hot days with no electricity and no running water. Rain poured in from above; Katrina's howling winds had shredded the dome's mammoth, pristine white roof. And there were other problems.

THORNTON: There were flies everywhere, garbage bags seeping and oozing, human waste all over the floors. The scene was horrific. I mean, you probably couldn't create a movie set that looked as bad as it did that day.

O'BRIEN: But the hardest part, Thornton says, came after a helicopter finally evacuated him. From the sky overhead, Thornton could see the full scope of the damage. And he remembers thinking one thing.

THORNTON: I'm not sure that any of us will be able to return. Certainly, the Superdome is in question. So for me, that was the low point. And I don't mind telling you that I wept all the way to Baton Rouge by helicopter, that day.

O'BRIEN: But instead of giving up, officials allotted more than $330 million to renovate the damaged structure. New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu, who was lieutenant governor at the time, says there was no other option.

MITCH LANDRIEU: After Katrina, what people thirsted for most was to see people that they knew; and to find other people who, like them, were willing to recommit unconditionally to the city. And that's where we found - that's the space that we found it in. That building is an iconic symbol for the people of New Orleans and will always reflect, you know, our willingness to get back up, off of our knees, and to move forward.

O'BRIEN: Of course, winning helped, too.

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UNIDENTIFIED SPORTSCASTER: Look out - breakthrough! Kick blocked by Steve Gleason. It is scoop, and score, by Curtis Deloach. Touchdown, New Orleans!

O'BRIEN: In the dome re-opener in 2006, the Saints faced their archrival, the Atlanta Falcons. The Falcons were supposed to win. And then, on the fourth snap of the game, the Saints blocked a Falcons punt that sparked New Orleans to victory. Times-Picayune sports columnist Jeff Duncan was there.

JEFF DUNCAN: I distinctly remember hearing people in the press box slam their hands down on the press box counter, which - on the press row counter, and that never happens. I mean, we're not supposed to cheer in the press box. But people couldn't help themselves.

O'BRIEN: Since then, the Saints have enjoyed historic success, even winning their first Super Bowl three years ago; a game that Saints super-fan Lionel Alphonso still can't discuss without getting emotional.

LIONEL ALPHONSO: You're sitting there and they win, and everybody starts crying. You know, it was amazing. You know, you never thought you would see adults crying, but it happened.

O'BRIEN: These days, Alphonso is just happy the city is hosting the big game once more. And of course, he'll be watching the Super Bowl. But Alphonso doesn't care so much about the outcome. As far as he's concerned, New Orleans wins either way. For NPR News, I'm Keith O'Brien.

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