SCOTT SIMON, HOST:
This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon.
Today, Michelle Obama is attending the funeral of Hadiya Pendleton, the 15-year-old girl who's become another young victim of gun violence in Chicago. Hadiya Pendleton was an honor student and a band majorette who'd performed at events surrounding President Obama's second inauguration. She was shot dead on her way home from school last week. Her death has become a national symbol of the scourge of gun violence.
Meanwhile in Washington, D.C., President Obama is trying a new approach to get his package of gun restrictions through Congress. NPR's Mara Liasson reports.
MARA LIASSON, BYLINE: Gun control has historically been one of the most divisive issues in Congress - between the parties and inside the Democratic coalition. But says, Jim Kessler of the centrist Democratic group Third Way, President Obama has put together a gun agenda that is sweeping without being too painful for most Democrats to support.
JIM KESSLER: It was not a crazy wish list. It didn't include a lot of things that gun rights supporters find anathema. You know, it didn't include licensing and registration. It was a very measured package that was moderate.
LIASSON: Unlike President Bill Clinton, who asked Democrats to walk the plank in the 1990s to pass the now-expired assault weapons ban, President Obama has laid out a menu of changes, including background checks, limits on big ammunition clips, in addition to a new assault weapons ban.
KESSLER: And then, he left it to the Senate to really work out the details. So, you know, the president's playing the outside game, and playing it pretty well.
LIASSON: On Monday, the president was in Minneapolis, surrounded by uniformed law enforcement officials.
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: I need everybody who's listening to keep the pressure on your member of Congress to do the right thing.
LIASSON: He was doing what his aides say he didn't do often enough in his first term - getting outside of Washington to build public support for legislation. The president also had to convince gun control advocates that his newfound zeal for gun restrictions isn't just lip service. After all, in his first year in office, the Brady Campaign gave the president an F on preventing gun violence. The last few weeks have changed all that, says Kristen Rand of the Violence Policy Center.
KRISTEN RAND: We're seeing a very serious, dedicated focus on identifying and passing effective gun violence prevention measures. And so, it's too bad we lost a term, but I think we're going to - we hope we'll make up for it in the second term.
LIASSON: And the gun control lobby has also adjusted its sights. Groups like Rand's support much more ambitious restrictions. But now, she says, they would define a victory for the president this way.
RAND: Success to us is anything that works to reduce gun death and injury.
KESSLER: Gun control advocates have identified one measure as their top priority - background checks. A group backed by New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg aired this ad during the Super Bowl.
(SOUNDBITE OF TV AD)
UNIDENTIFIED CHILD: The NRA once supported background checks.
WAYNE LAPIERRE: We think it's reasonable to provide mandatory instant criminal background checks for every sale at every gun show. No loopholes anywhere for anyone.
LIASSON: But here's the same NRA official, Wayne LaPierre on Fox News last Sunday, explaining why his group now opposes those background checks.
(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "FOX NEWS SUNDAY")
LAPIERRE: There's going to be fees. There's going to be paperwork. And it's all going to affect only the law-abiding people. The criminals could care less.
LIASSON: Despite the NRA's reversal on this issue, background checks get more than 90 percent approval in many polls, and they have the greatest chance of passing Congress. Of course, the popular measure that's easy to pass isn't always the one that solves the problem. But in this case, the low-hanging fruit may be the most important, says Jim Kessler.
KESSLER: If universal background checks pass, that is the gold medal in preventing gun violence and gun crime in the country.
LIASSON: Kessler says the checks are more important than a ban on assault weapons, even though assault weapons are associated with the most horrific crimes. Background checks, says Kessler, would make a bigger difference because the vast majority of gun crimes are committed with a handgun. And in 9 out of 10 gun crimes, the killer is not the original purchaser of the gun.
KESSLER: And the lubricant that allows that gun to go to the illegal market is the private sale, which under federal law is not covered, which can be done without a background check.
LIASSON: Universal background checks and gun trafficking bills have bipartisan support in both the House and Senate. And this week, the idea of improved background checks got an important and unexpected endorsement from Republican House Majority Leader Eric Cantor, the first member of the Republican leadership in either chamber to show movement on the issue. Mara Liasson, NPR News, Washington.