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ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

From NPR News, this is ALL THINGS CONSIDERED. I'm Robert Siegel. And we begin this hour with a memorable moment from President Obama's State of the Union Address this week. He introduced an elderly woman sitting in the House gallery and the president said that Desiline Victor had to wait three hours last year to vote in North Miami.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: And hour after hour, a throng of people stayed in line to support her 'cause Desiline is 102 years old. And they erupted in cheers when she finally put on a sticker that read, I Voted.

SIEGEL: But the president's plan to fix the problem, setting up a presidential commission, has received far less applause. As NPR's Pam Fessler reports, voting rights advocates are lukewarm to the idea at best and Republicans are dismissive.

PAM FESSLER, BYLINE: So far, there are few details about the new commission. We know it will be headed by two longtime election lawyers...

OBAMA: Who, by the way, recently served as the top attorneys for my campaign and for Governor Romney's campaign.

FESSLER: That's Bob Bauer and Ben Ginsberg, respectively. Neither man is talking yet about their plans. But the White House says the panel will recommend ways that state and local election officials can reduce long lines and, quote, "improve the Election Day experience."

ELISABETH MACNAMARA: We were hoping for bold action, not lip service.

FESSLER: That's a very disappointed Elisabeth MacNamara, president of the National League of Women Voters. MacNamara thinks the commission is just another way to kick the can down the road.

MACNAMARA: Long lines occur every four years. There is no real mystery as to why this happens. And there are immediate things that can be done and were not called for.

FESSLER: Things like requiring states to offer online voter registration and more early voting, and to do a better job staffing and equipping polling sites. Congressional Democrats have legislation that would do just that. But Republicans say it's not up to the federal government to run elections. Scott Gessler is Colorado's Republican secretary of state.

SCOTT GESSLER: The potential problem I see is imposing sort of a one-size-fits-all solution by the federal government. I mean, what works in Colorado may be a little bit different than what works in Florida or Ohio or Maryland or California.

FESSLER: And he says it's not as though states aren't paying attention to these issues.

GESSLER: We're paying attention to them all the time.

FESSLER: Indeed, a number of states have recently taken steps to allow voters to register online and to expand early-voting hours. But states are also doing a lot of other things that voting rights advocates believe will only make matters worse.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Shall the bill pass, all in favor of the motion will record their votes, aye, those opposed...

FESSLER: Things like a more restrictive voter ID law recently approved by the Virginia state Senate. It would no longer allow voters to use things like utility bills to prove their identity. The National Conference of State Legislatures says voter ID bills are pending in 24 states. There are also new efforts to have voters verify their citizenship and to restrict registration drives, all issues that proved highly contentious in last year's election. David Becker is director of the Election Initiatives project at the Pew Charitable Trusts.

DAVID BECKER: Long lines are a big problem, but they're not the source of the problem. They are a symptom of greater problems in the system.

FESSLER: He and many experts think one of the biggest issues is flawed voter registration systems. Becker says these not only cause Election Day delays but feed Republicans' fear of fraud and Democrats' concerns about voter suppression. Both sides have an interest in finding a solution.

BECKER: I think one of the most important things that this commission could do is to make sure they rely on really the strong data, rather than on the anecdotes that drive so much of the conversation.

FESSLER: He says if the panel can avoid the partisanship that's colored the debate so far, it might have a big impact. Pam Fessler, NPR News, Washington.

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