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MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

Now to an Oscar-winning crime drama, a tale of moral crisis from 1954 that's been brushed up and restored for modern home viewing. "On the Waterfront" is now out in a Blu-ray edition and our critic, Bob Mondello, has been watching.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #1: Who do you see to get a day's pay around here?

BOB MONDELLO: Mugs and palookas, racketeers and dock workers, mob boss Lee J. Cobb running the union with an iron fist, Marlon Brando tripping up its control when Eva Marie Saint appeals to his conscious, urging him to go to the feds and rat out the rats.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

MARLON BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) Do you want to hear my philosophy of life? Do it to him before he does it to you.

EVA MARIE SAINT: (as Edie Doyle) I've never met anyone like you. There's not a spark of sentiment or romance or human kindness in your whole body.

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) What good does it do you, besides get you in trouble?

MONDELLO: Director Elia Kazan knew from trouble. Two years before making "On the Waterfront," he'd named names before the House Un-American Activities Committee, becoming the most notorious Hollywood figure in the communist witch hunts of the 1950s. Though screenwriter Budd Schulberg always denied a connection to the film's plot, Brando's character is also called to testify.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

UNIDENTIFIED MAN #2: ...swear to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, so help you God?

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) Right. I do.

MONDELLO: He is also castigated and reviled before giving a full-throated defense of his testimony.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

LEE J. COBB: (as John Friendly) You ratted on us, Terry.

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) From where you stand, maybe. But I'm standing over here now. I was ratting on myself all them years, I didn't even know it...

MONDELLO: Kazan wrote many years later that he'd intended the parallels, but when Brando yells at the mob boss, that was him too.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) You hear that? I'm glad what I done.

MONDELLO: Glad I'd testified as I had.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) And I'm going to keep on doing it till I get...

COBB: (as John Friendly) Come on. Come on.

MONDELLO: Included in Criterion's boxed set is the text of an ad Kazan took out defending his naming of names. But as it was with audiences in 1954, the film is the thing here; a superb Blu-ray transfer, all velvety blacks and shimmering whites, not a scratch or flaw anywhere.

In a bow to the era when TV was making Hollywood rethink screen size, a second disk has the complete film in two other aspect ratios: widescreen and full-frame. Which means that there are three different ways to watch Brando make a vibrant case for method acting.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) You don't understand. I could've had class. I could've been a contender. I could've been somebody instead of a bum, which is what I am. Let's face it.

MONDELLO: No madness to his method in "On the Waterfront." I'm Bob Mondello.

(SOUNDBITE OF MOVIE, "ON THE WATERFRONT")

BRANDO: (as Terry Malloy) It was you, Charley.

BLOCK: Pretty tough to follow Brando. This is NPR News.

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