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SCOTT SIMON, HOST:

This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I'm Scott Simon. President Obama returned home to Chicago yesterday to address the scourge of gun violence that's plaguing the city and so many other parts of the country, just one of several trips the president made this week to promote his second-term agenda. He spoke in highly personal terms about the limits of what government can do and where families and neighborhoods have to do their part. NPR's Scott Horsley reports.

SCOTT HORSLEY, BYLINE: President Obama looked out at the uniformed high school students filling the bleachers are Chicago's Hyde Park Academy yesterday and said it's good to be home.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: This is my old neighborhood. I used to teach right around the corner. This is where Michelle and I met, where we fell in love.

(SOUNDBITE OF CHEERING)

HORSLEY: This is also the neighborhood where the Obamas raised their children. The president's topic yesterday was raising Chicago's children - and the nation's. Earlier in the day, Obama presided over an awards ceremony at the White House. Six of the citations, read by a military aide, were for the principal and teachers killed in December at Sandy Hook Elementary School.

UNIDENTIFIED MAN: Some had been at Sandy Hook Elementary School for only weeks. Others were preparing to retire after decades of service. All worked long past the school bell to give the children in their care a future worth their talents.

HORSLEY: While the massacre at the school in Newtown, Connecticut put the issue of gun violence back in the spotlight, the president has also tried to draw attention to the killings that don't make headlines. He noted that Chicago had 443 firearm murders last year; 65 of the victims were 18 or younger.

OBAMA: So, that's the equivalent of a Newtown every four months, and that's precisely why the overwhelming majority of Americans are asking for some common-sense proposals to make it harder for criminals to get their hands on a gun.

HORSLEY: The White House is pushing for universal background checks and other measures. But speaking in the South Side neighborhood where a 15-year-old was shot to death just days after she marched in his inaugural parade, Obama seemed more focused on the social climate in which that kind of violence has become a daily occurrence.

OBAMA: When a child opens fire on another child, there's a hole in that child's heart that government can't fill. Only community and parents and teachers and clergy can fill that hole.

HORSLEY: The president praised the heroic efforts of many single mothers, including his own but said young men in particular need some stronger male role models.

OBAMA: I wish I had had a father who was around and involved.

HORSLEY: Obama has pledged to adjust government policies to encourage more active fathers. But where they're missing, he said, communities have to fill the void. The president himself held a longer-than-scheduled meeting yesterday with a group of young men enrolled in an anti-violence mentoring program. He acknowledged some of the participants had issues in their past.

OBAMA: What I explained to them was I had issues too when I was their age. I just had an environment that was a little more forgiving, so when I screwed up, the consequences weren't as high as when kids on the South Side screw up.

HORSLEY: The president told the young men that changing their behavior will take hard work and a vision of where they want to go. He added that's true for the country, too.

OBAMA: We may not be able to save every child from gun violence but if we save a few, that starts changing the atmosphere in our communities. We may not be able to get everybody a job right away, but if we get a few folks a job, then everybody starts feeling a little more hopeful and a little more encouraged.

HORSLEY: On this day, the president sounded more like the community organizer he once was. Perfection has never been our goal, he said, promising instead - change will come block by block and one family at a time. Scott Horsley, NPR News.

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