The Sequester: Cuts And Consequences


This is MORNING EDITION from NPR News. I'm Renée Montagne.


And I'm Steve Inskeep. Federal spending cuts scheduled for March 1st will affect every part of the government. And that includes the part that deals with air travel. Authorities forecast that cutbacks at the Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, could lead to delays and fewer flights, over all. NPR's Brian Naylor reports.

BRIAN NAYLOR, BYLINE: The FAA's work is done largely out of public view, in airport control towers and regional radar centers, in hangers and workshops. But if the across the board spending cuts, known in Washington-speak as sequestration, start taking effect on schedule, the importance of that back stage work will become front and center.

At a Senate hearing last week, Danny Werfel, of the Office of Management and Budget, said the sequester will take at a toll at the FAA.

DANNY WERFEL: FAA is going to face a cut of roughly $600 million under sequester. A vast majority of their 47,000 thousand employees will be furloughed for one day per pay period for the rest of the year. And as importantly, this going to reduce air traffic levels across the country causing delays and disruptions for all travelers.

NAYLOR: In a letter to agency employees, FAA administrator Michael Huerta said the temporary layoffs would require, quote, "a reduction in FAA services to levels that can be safely managed by remaining staff." Marion Blakey used to head the FAA; she's now CEO of the Aerospace Industries Association. She agrees the cutbacks will not go unnoticed.

MARION BLAKEY: If sequestration goes into effect, level headed people all over this town, all over Washington, are saying yes, it will have a major effect on the aviation system. And this isn't doomsday. This isn't some sort of science fiction plot that we're all talking about. This is reality, and it's reality coming up next month.

NAYLOR: Blakey says more than 2,000 air traffic controllers will be furloughed at one time or another, and there will be ripple effects.

BLAKEY: It's one of those things that when you start cutting back on service, it affects even community airports, because, after all, they don't have the flights coming in, the landing fees, the concessions, the parking lot. All of those sources of revenue suffer.

NAYLOR: Blakey says that could mean an annual loss of a billion dollars in tax revenues. It's not only controllers who face furloughs, there are thousands of FAA technicians who fix equipment like radar and navigation systems. Mike Perrone is President of the Professional Aviation Safety Specialists, the union which represents them. He says furloughed technicians may mean slower repairs on things like ILS, instrument landing systems.

MIKE PERRONE: For example, if you're flying into, let's say, Chicago and their primary runway ILS was down because they couldn't get it certified, then now that creates delays. They have to go to an alternate runway or maybe an alternate airport.

NAYLOR: The sequester's impact may depend on how it's implemented. Robert Poole of Reason Foundation, a libertarian group, says it would be less damaging if the FAA were able to cut the capital budget for construction, say, rather than the operating budget.

ROBERT POOLE: Facilities and technology and that sort of thing, as a short-term measure to preserve the operations and keep everybody employed, keep all the flights, all the towers operational, all the centers operational, and minimize the impact on the traveling public.

NAYLOR: It's not clear whether the FAA has much flexibility to shift funds from one account to another. But the agency says it will do what it can to limit furloughs. Brian Naylor, NPR News, Washington.

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