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Every week, thousands of young Chinese gather online to translate Hollywood movies and TV shows into Mandarin. They call themselves fan subtitle groups. Some do it for fun and to help people learn English, others see it as a subtle way to introduce new ideas into Chinese society.

NPR's Frank Langfitt reports on how they're trying to open minds one download at a time.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

FRANK LANGFITT, BYLINE: Among the more popular American TV shows on China's Internet these days is HBO's "The Newsroom." One reason is this exchange between a college student and a news anchor, played by Jeff Daniels.

(SOUNDBITE TO TV SHOW, "THE NEWSROOM")

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: (As character) Can you say why America is the greatest country in the world?

JEFF DANIELS: (As Will McAvoy) There is absolutely no evidence to support the statement that we're the greatest country in the world, we're seventh in literacy, 27th in math, 22nd in science.

ZEO: The first episode really catch my eye.

LANGFITT: Zeo is a college junior and a member of an on-line group that translated the show's first season.

The group - about 20 people spread around China - divvies up the scenes and translates them with the help of dictionaries. Zeo says she loved that scene because it was so refreshing to hear someone challenge a national myth.

ZEO: Not being, you know, fooled by the whole propaganda. To think really think about, what is really happening in this country?

LANGFITT: Like the United States, China has its own sense of exceptionalism. Zeo hopes more Chinese question that.

ZEO: Yes, China is developing, you know, socialism is good. When I was growing up, this is everything I was listening to. But the reality I see is different. If you want tell me our way is the right way, show me the evidence.

LANGFITT: Chinese viewers have downloaded "The Newsroom" more than half a million times and posted more than 10,000 comments, including criticism of the acting.

But one fan, using the nickname Tarrance, had this observation: Maybe it's hard to summarize why America is the greatest nation in the world, but having a remarkable fourth estate is definitely one of the reasons why this country is so great.

This is the sort of stuff Zeo is looking for.

ZEO: I'm not going to say I want to teach people, I'm not going to tell you what we should do. You think by yourself. That is our goal.

(SOUNDBITE OF "ASSUME THE POSITION")

(SOUNDBITE OF SCHOOL BELL)

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

ROBERT WUHL: I want to welcome everyone to assume the position.

(LAUGHTER)

WUHL: And this is going to be a different way to look at history.

LANGFITT: Chinese translation groups scour the Internet for any show that might resonate. Even obscure ones like "Assume the Position." It's a stand-up routine/history class by comedian Robert Wuhl.

(SOUNDBITE OF "ASSUME THE POSITION")

WUHL: It's the stories that made up America and the stories America made up.

LANGFITT: It aired on HBO in 2006. Jeremy King, an English teacher in Central China's Jiangsu province, translated it in December.

JEREMY KING: I had my hesitations, because I thought well, this one is about history, but then when I released the first episode it was very popular.

LANGFITT: Wuhl jokes about the selective nature of history. He cites Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's choice of Paul Revere for his famous, patriotic poem instead of another man, who rode much farther to warn the colonists, but has a less poetic name.

(SOUNDBITE OF "ASSUME THE POSITION")

WUHL: Listen my children and you shall hear of the Midnight Ride of Paul Revere sounds a whole hell of a lot better than come along kiddies, daddy's going to whistle while he tells you all the story of Israel Bissell.

(LAUGHTER)

LANGFITT: King says the video - which has been downloaded more than 10,000 times here - is interesting to Chinese because it focuses on how people perceive history. And, stylistically, it's totally different than China's tradition of rote learning.

JEREMY KING: Most of the reply will say this is the best class I have ever watched or I wish I could have a teacher like him.

(SOUNDBITE OF THEME TO TV SHOW, "DOWNTON ABBY")

LANGFITT: Of course, not everyone is translating TV shows in hopes of changing society. At least three groups focus on "Downton Abbey."

ALICE WU: My name is Alice Wu and I study at Shanghai International Studies University. In my group there are probably six or seven people doing the same episode, so it goes pretty fast. We'll probably have to finish it in one day.

LANGFITT: Wu likes the show because it gets her entree to a foreign world of privilege and class dynamics.

WU: It's quite fun. They've also got romantic things. And they've also, something to do with money, how the British try to keep their estates, so it's a lot of knowledge to absorb.

LANGFITT: Like others, Wu's subtitle group works off pirated versions of TV programs. She knows it's illegal but Wu says her group makes no money off the videos and just translates them because they love the show.

Frank Langfitt, NPR News, Shanghai.

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