Crime Lab Scandal Leaves Mass. Legal System In Turmoil Lawyers, prosecutors and judges across Massachusetts are sorting through thousands of cases that may now unravel. With a former chemist accused of falsifying as many as 34,000 test results, hundreds of former defendants have already been released and police are bracing for an uptick in crime.
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Crime Lab Scandal Leaves Mass. Legal System In Turmoil

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Crime Lab Scandal Leaves Mass. Legal System In Turmoil

Crime Lab Scandal Leaves Mass. Legal System In Turmoil

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STEVE INSKEEP, HOST:

It's MORNING EDITION, from NPR News. I'm Steve Inskeep.

RENEE MONTAGNE, HOST:

And I'm Renee Montagne. A scandal in a state crime lab continues to cause turmoil in Massachusetts. A chemist who once worked there is accused of falsifying test results in as many as 34,000 cases, which means lawyers, prosecutors and judges who are used to operating in a world of beyond a reasonable doubt now have nothing but doubt. Already, hundreds of convicts and defendants have been released, and now it appears the state's highest court may weigh in on how the many remaining cases should be handled. NPR's Tovia Smith has that story.

TOVIA SMITH, BYLINE: Several months ago, the former chemist Annie Dookhan told police she messed up big time. For all her apparent lies, she seems to have definitely gotten that one right.

MICHAEL MORRISEY: I don't think anybody ever perceived that one person was capable of causing this much chaos.

SMITH: District Attorney Michael Morrisey is one of many now digging through old cases, trying to sort out how many should now be considered tainted.

MORRISEY: You can see the entire walls, you know, there's two walls full of boxes.

SMITH: In a conference room near his office, dusty old files are piled six feet high.

MORRISEY: In one of these cardboard boxes, there could be hundreds of cases in each box.

SMITH: It's nearly a decade's worth of work that could take years and tens of millions of dollars to review.

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

SMITH: Special courts like this one have already heard hundreds of cases of convicts and defendants arguing they were denied due process because their evidence was handled - or mishandled - by Annie Dookhan.

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

SMITH: In this case, public defender Julieann Hernon is arguing for release of a man charged with selling cocaine and heroin in a school-zone to an undercover officer. He had pleaded guilty, but now, Hernon says, he should be allowed to take it back.

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

SMITH: The whole dynamic in court has now flipped. Defendants tend to smile, while prosecutors, visibly deflated, like ADA Tom Finigan, watch their cases crumble.

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

GERRY LEONE: It's unsettling and it's maddening, because you're now going to have a lot of people get released to the street prematurely.

SMITH: Middlesex County District Attorney Gerry Leone is one of many hoping the state supreme court will curb the releases. While some defendants could still be on the hook for gun or assault charges, for example, he says most drug cases where Dookhan was the primary chemist will be impossible to re-prove beyond a reasonable doubt. But Leone says it's unclear where to draw the line. He says some offenders are just trying to jump on the bandwagon, arguing that every test from that lab should also be considered tainted.

LEONE: If someone's in jail, you know, they're doing downtime. So there's no reason to try to file something that gets you back before the court.

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

SMITH: Defense attorney William Sullivan recently to withdraw a client's guilty plea in a case where Dookhan was a secondary chemist.

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

SMITH: By the end of the hearing...

(SOUNDBITE OF COURT SESSION)

SMITH: ...things turned out well for the defendant.

: He looked pretty happy to me. Yeah.

SMITH: But attorney Sullivan is quick to add clients like his also have plenty of reason to be bitter.

: The tragedy here is that he's already done four years on this. I mean, that is disturbing in and of itself.

SMITH: Other defendants have lost jobs, driver's licenses, kids and marriages, and many were deported. Also, in federal court, many got stiffer sentences because of prior state convictions based on evidence from Annie Dookhan. Defense attorneys say it's taking too long to handle these cases individually, and they want the state's highest court to order that Dookhan cases should be presumed to be tainted and automatically put on hold.

It may look like defendants are getting a get-out-of-jail-free card, Sullivan says, but the focus must be only on whether they got a fair trial.

: I think we put on blinders when we're doing these cases, and you try to do the right thing for your client to make sure that they get the proper representation. And if that means it gets them off, it gets them off.

SMITH: With hundreds already off and out on city streets, police remain on high alert.

SERGEANT JAMES MACHADO: These people are not first-time offenders or small-time drug dealers.

SMITH: That's Boston police sergeant James Machado.

MACHADO: I know there will be consequence of this. And, unfortunately, innocent people will be killed.

SMITH: Already, about 20 of those released have been re-arrested for new crimes. Police Commissioner Edward Davis says Boston hasn't seen the surge in violence that some feared, but he and his officers worry it's yet to come.

ED DAVIS: They shake their heads. You know, they're disgusted by what's happened. We have to, you know, start from zero again.

SMITH: Davis says he's been sending an officer to meet with each defendant or convict just before release, first to offer services like job training, and then, a warning.

DAVIS: We tell them, listen, we know what you were doing before and were watching you. And if you get back into the life, that Dookhan's not there anymore. So when you go back in on this charge, yes, it's going to stick.

SMITH: Annie Dookhan, meantime, is facing charges of her own: 27 counts of perjury, tampering with evidence, and obstructing justice. At the same time, civil suits are also starting to pile up, as those accused of crimes based on Dookhan's evidence, accuse Dookhan of violating their right to a fair trial.

Tovia Smith, NPR News, Boston.

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