DAVID GREENE, HOST:

At the Jewish Museum in Berlin, a new exhibit called "The Whole Truth" asks visitors uncomfortable and even absurd questions about Jews. One of the curators, Michal Friedlander, says the exhibit is intentionally provocative.

MICHAL FRIEDLANDER: The point of the exhibition is to get people talking about how they perceive Jews, particularly in Germany today.

GREENE: But as NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson reports from Berlin, some German Jews accuse the museum of going too far.

SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: Visitors to the 30-part exhibit are bombarded with questions, but given few answers. The curator, Friedlander - who is Jewish - says the idea is to get people to think about whether they stereotype Jews. They are given plastic tokens to toss into one of five receptacles, each of which Friedlander says represents an answer to what attribute best describes Jews.

FRIEDLANDER: Are they particularly business savvy, fond of animals, influential, intelligent or beautiful? The most common reaction I've had from people is when they look at it, they say, I didn't know Jews were fond of animals - as if all the other stereotypes were OK.

NELSON: The exhibit also gets visitors to think about whether it's OK to joke about Jews. There are televised skits like this one, on "Saturday Night Live," about what happens when Christians celebrate Christmas in New York.

(SOUNDBITE OF TV SHOW, "SATURDAY NIGHT LIVE")

DARLENE LOVE: (Narrating skit) They disappear one day each year, and pass the eggnog 'round. But it's all right 'cause that's the night the Jews control the town.

(AUDIENCE LAUGHTER)

DARLENE LOVE: (Singing) Well, it happens every year on Christmas Eve...

NELSON: But it's another stop in the exhibit that's generating the most controversy; one where a Jewish man or woman sits inside a glass showcase, and answers questions from visitors who approach. On this day, Bill Glucroft is in the hot seat. For two hours, the 27-year-old from Fairfield, Conn., explains his take on religion, customs and life.

UNIDENTIFIED VISITOR: (Speaking German)

BILL GLUCROFT: (Speaking German)

NELSON: This German visitor asks him, can you stop being a Jew? Glucroft tells him, it's not like we have a central authority figure, like a pope, to answer to. He pauses, then quips, but we do have to answer to our mothers. Glucroft says some of the questions are hard.

GLUCROFT: But I think generally, it's healthy - and a great opportunity for Jews and non-Jews to have an excuse to meet 'cause they wouldn't meet otherwise.

NELSON: Not everybody thinks putting a Jewish person on display is the way to educate Germany's post-World War II generation, however. Stephan Kramer is a prominent Jewish leader in Berlin, who visited the exhibit.

STEPHAN KRAMER: I was asked to take part in it, and I declined because I thought that it isn't a good idea to sit in a glass cage - and answer questions - like an animal in a zoo.

NELSON: Another Jewish leader from Berlin, author and lawyer Sergey Lagodinsky, also refused.

SERGEY LAGODINSKY: For many, Jews are not friends, or colleagues at work. Jews are people from TV or from history books. So that places, automatically, Jewish individuals behind an exhibit glass in a museum, in the heads of the German population.

NELSON: Both he and Kramer say more important is to get Germans to interact normally with the country's Jewish communities. They say people need to address actual problems faced by those communities, such as anti-Semitism. But the curator, Friedlander, says the museum's "Jews in a Showcase," display encourages dialogue.

FRIEDLANDER: Here we have Jews who live here, and Jews who thrive here. And that is the message that I want to get across.

NELSON: The Berlin exhibit continues through Sept. 1. Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson, NPR News, Berlin.

(SOUNDBITE OF MUSIC)

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