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Almost five million Americans are considered to be long-term unemployed. That means they have been searching for work for at least, and often more than six months. This week, their plight is getting a bit tougher because of the automatic reductions in federal spending that took effect recently. The government has cut unemployment benefits. NPR's Jim Zarroli reports.

JIM ZARROLI, BYLINE: About 40 people have turned out at a Manhattan job center run by the New York State Labor Department to get advice about looking for work. These are all people who have been out of work for at least 27 weeks. They include Alyssa Polsack(ph), who lost her job when the garment company she worked for moved its operations overseas.

ALYSSA POLSACK: It's a USA-owned company, but the factories are in Sri Lanka and the Sri Lankan make a lot less money than we do.

ZARROLI: Once you have been out of work as long as these people have, regular unemployment benefits run out. And once they do, the federal government provides extended benefits. Joomati Notsopoulos who was laid off a year ago from her job as a sales assistant has been getting a check for $220 a week. She's been told her next check will be smaller, a casualty of the budget stalemate in Washington.

JOOMATI NOTSOPOULOS: I was kind of depending on my unemployment for help, for extra help and, you know, they are cutting it back.

ZARROLI: The cuts in the budget for long-term unemployment benefits are not big; just about 10 percent. But, Maurice Emsellem of the National Employment Law Project says, the actual reductions in people's checks will be bigger than that, at least over the next few months.

MAURICE ENSELLEM: Because the sequester is calculated on a fiscal year which started in October, the amount of the cut has to be condensed into a much shorter time period. So they have until the end of September to implement, basically, a year's worth of cuts in benefits.

ZARROLI: Emsellem isn't optimistic that the money will be restored anytime soon. He says Washington has moved on from the sequester controversy.

ENSELLEM: I mean, that's it. I mean, when these benefits are cut, there's no turning back. If I'm on benefits this week and my state starts to implement this sequester, then I lose $30 from my $300 unemployment check. I'm never going to see that $30 again.

ZARROLI: Thirty dollars may not seem like a lot, but Joan Cirillo says it is when you've been out of work a long time and are just scraping by. Cirillo is executive director of a program called Operation ABLE of Greater Boston, which tries to help middle-aged and older people find work. And she says a lot of the unemployed people she works with are worried about the impact of the cuts.

JOAN CIRILLO: For many of these people, they're just trying to eke out enough to cover mortgage payments, just the essentials. So if you start cutting these benefits, it really does hit them very hard.

ZARROLI: Cirillo's organization is feeling the sequester cuts in other ways, too. It runs a training program that provides minimum-wage jobs to the unemployed, and she's been told funds for that program will also be cut. Jim Zarroli, NPR News, New York.

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