MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:
Around the country, roads are crumbling roads, buses are crowded. As states try to improve their transportation systems, they're looking for new kinds of funding. One solution is to raise taxes on gas, something many states are considering.
But states are also pondering more creative approaches, as NPR's Brian Naylor reports.
BRIAN NAYLOR, BYLINE: It's no secret that many of the nation's roads are in pretty bad shape. According to the recent report card from the American Society of Civil Engineers, the condition of America's highways rated a grade of D. Congestion is a big problem and so is upkeep.
Most states rely on gas taxes to raise the money for repairs and new construction, but that funding source is not the stream it used to be, says James Corless of Transportation for America.
JAMES CORLESS: Cars are getting more efficient and people are actually driving less. Vehicle miles traveled driving peaked in 2007, and so that has conspired really to put less revenues into these state and federal funds - trust funds out of the gasoline tax. So, purchasing power is declining and so states are getting creative.
NAYLOR: According to figures released by Transportation for America, which advocates for modernizing the nation's infrastructure, 19 states have approved or are considering legislation to increase transportation funding. One creative approach was taken by Virginia, which actually eliminated its gas tax while raising sales taxes and imposing a tax on wholesale fuel. The state is also allowing the congested Northern Virginia and Hampton Roads areas to raise their own tax revenue.
The speaker of the Virginia House, William Howell, a Republican, helped broker the deal.
STATE REPRESENTATIVE WILLIAM HOWELL: It was a true compromise that, as with most any compromise, no one is 100 percent happy with every feature of it. There are some things that I'm not crazy about. I'm sure there are some features that other people don't relish but we had to do it.
NAYLOR: The tax hikes were first proposed by Virginia's Republican Governor Robert McDonnell. And he's not the only GOP governor to approve revenue increases for transportation. Wyoming is raising its gas tax by 10 cents a gallon. Texas is considering steps, as is Iowa.
Democrat Tod Bowman chairs the Iowa Senate's Transportation Committee.
STATE SENATOR TOD BOWMAN: It's, you know, one of those things that is a political hot potato. And, you know, the issue at hand is, you know, the why is we have a $215 million annual shortfall just to meet our most critical roadway needs. And so, that's the problem we're trying to solve is that - how we go about that.
NAYLOR: States are acting this year after many years of inaction on transportation funding. Virginia's tax hikes were the first in 26 years. Neighboring Maryland also approved the first hike in its gas tax in over two decades.
Corless, of Transportation For America, says among the reasons for the states actions, is that Congress approved a transportation bill last year but without new revenues.
CORLESS: I think states were hopeful that Congress would step up and they didn't. And then, secondly, really is - it's the combination of the state budgets themselves getting hammered since 2007. But also really, seriously a precipitous drop in revenues from the gasoline tax.
NAYLOR: The activity in the states comes in contrast to the gridlock in Washington. Congress hasn't raised the federal gas tax in 20 years. Virginia House Speaker Howell says agreeing to raise taxes in his state wasn't easy, but it shows the difference between the federal government and the states.
HOWELL: It was a lift but I think it was a great example of - when I talk to people about what we did in this session, I contrast what we did in Richmond to how things are going in Washington.
NAYLOR: Despite the actions of states this year, there is more lifting ahead. The estimated the gap between what is being spent on surface transportation and what's needed adds up to more than $800 billion.
Brian Naylor, NPR News, Washington.
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