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Congress decided last week to ease the pain of across-the-board spending cuts for one group of people: travelers upset over airport delays. But low-income Americans who rely on government housing aid haven't been so lucky.
Housing authorities across the country have all but stopped issuing rent vouchers as they try to deal with what's called sequestration. And many newly issued vouchers have been rescinded, leaving some people homeless or doubled up with family and friends. To make matters worse, as NPR's Pam Fessler reports, these cutbacks come during a severe shortage of affordable housing across the country.
PAM FESSLER, BYLINE: Things were already pretty bad in Connecticut before sequestration. Twenty-eight-year-old Melissa Rothkugel(ph) had waited seven years for a housing voucher to help cover her rent. And last year, she lost her job, became homeless and got pregnant. So you can imagine how happy she was in February when she got a letter telling her she'd finally been approved for aid.
MELISSA ROTHKUGEL: I actually broke down and cried, because, I mean, when they issued me the voucher, I thought everything was going to start getting better and looking up.
FESSLER: She filled out the paperwork, attended orientation in Hartford and started to look for an apartment. But within days, she was rushed to the hospital to give birth to a baby daughter. A week later, she got another letter that made her cry.
ROTHKUGEL: And it said, due to the budget cuts, that they were revoking my voucher. And so I was back to square one and being homeless again.
FESSLER: Now, she, her baby and her boyfriend are living in her brother's basement. Rothkugel's voucher was one of 88 rescinded by the city of Hartford in response to federal spending cuts. And Hartford isn't alone. Fort Worth, Texas: 99 vouchers were canceled for families that hadn't yet signed leases. Minnesota: More than 160 vouchers have been put on hold.
In Fairfax, Virginia, Roger Bottomley(ph) thought a voucher was within reach after 10 years of homelessness when he was scheduled for an interview this month with the local housing authority. Then it was canceled.
ROGER BOTTOMLEY: They didn't have the money for it, the way I understand it.
FESSLER: So now he's back living on the street.
BOTTOMLEY: I stayed at the bus stop last night. It wasn't too cold out.
FESSLER: Across the country, housing authorities say their hands are tied. They have to cut about $2 billion this year in public housing and voucher programs that subsidize rents for the poorest Americans. It's part of the larger stalemate in Washington over how to deal with the budget.
ALEX SANCHEZ: There is no recourse. It's - we're simply passing on what the Congress decided.
FESSLER: Alex Sanchez is executive director of the Housing Authority in Santa Clara County, California. They have 25,000 people on their waiting list, but there will be no new vouchers this year.
The agency's also asked the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development for permission to raise the amount that tenants already in the program will have to pay. Sanchez says it's a hardship on his clients, who are mostly elderly and disabled, but he hopes it will do the trick.
SANCHEZ: The very last step we want to take is to actually take people off the program. But if the cuts continue, I don't believe there will be any other alternative.
FESSLER: Sanchez thinks Congress should reverse the sequester, but it doesn't look promising. President Obama has called the sequester dumb. But he said at a news conference today that the kind of action lawmakers took last week - to prevent the furloughing of air traffic controllers - is too shortsighted.
PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: They should be thinking about what's going to happen five years from now, 10 years from now or 15 years from now. The only way to do that is for them to engage with me on coming up with a broader deal.
FESSLER: But the president's broader deal would include more tax revenue, something Republicans vehemently oppose. They want deeper spending cuts instead. In the GOP radio address this past weekend, Pennsylvania Congressman Bill Shuster blamed the sequester mess squarely on the president.
REPRESENTATIVE BILL SHUSTER: Because there are some in the Obama administration who thought inflicting pain on the public would give the president more leverage to avoid making necessary spending cuts and to impose more tax hikes on the American people.
FESSLER: But to people like Melissa Rothkugel in Connecticut and Roger Bottomley in Virginia, this is all business as usual. They don't expect to get help anytime soon. Pam Fessler, NPR News, Washington.
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