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In South Africa, controversial images of a frail and ashen Nelson Mandela aired on national television this week. The former president is now 94 years old. These pictures were taken during a visit to Mandela by South Africa's current president. And some people are calling it a political publicity stunt. The pictures have revived the debate about what constitutes invasion of privacy when it comes to South Africa's anti-apartheid legend. Here's NPR's Ofeibea Quist-Arcton.
OFEIBEA QUIST-ARCTON, BYLINE: President Jacob Zuma, accompanied by two other top officials of the governing ANC party, visited Nelson Mandela at his Johannesburg home on Monday. Mandela was recently discharged from the hospital where he was treated for pneumonia and a lung infection. After the apparently brief encounter, the South African leader told the nation that Mandela was doing well.
PRESIDENT JACOB ZUMA: The doctors are happy. He is looking very good. He's in good shape. We had some conversation with him, shook hands, he smiled. He's really up and about, stabilized. We are very happy. We think that he's fine.
QUIST-ARCTON: The images of a bewildered Nelson Mandela say otherwise. He was sitting up in an armchair surrounded by his medical team, two grandsons, the president and the ANC bigwigs, all of whom were apparently joking and laughing. Mandela did not join in the jollity, but President Zuma stood by the medical assessment.
ZUMA: The doctors - the report corresponded with his own appearance as we saw him. So he's - we are very happy about it.
QUIST-ARCTON: When one of the Mandela grandsons took a cellphone flash photograph, the Nobel Peace laureate visibly winced, blinked and closed his eyes as if he was in pain. Doctors say Mandela's eyes are supersensitive because of years of working in a limestone quarry as a political prisoner on Robben Island.
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UNIDENTIFIED MAN: "Open Line" on Talk Radio 702 and 567 Cape Talk with Redi Tlhabi.
REDI TLHABI: And our open line is in full swing. We're talking about the Mandela...
QUIST-ARCTON: Posts on social networks, mobile phone texts, newspapers and television have all criticized the broadcast as exploitative and undignified. Redi Tlhabi took calls and texts on her show on Radio 702.
TLHABI: Of course. And obviously, we're going to talk about images of Nelson Mandela in our open line. And there is an outcry in some quarters, and in other quarters, hey, it's justified or justifiable. There was nothing wrong with it.
QUIST-ARCTON: One text read...
TLHABI: Redi, I get that Madiba is old, that he's an ANC icon and poster child for the organization, but I get the impression that he was not aware of his surroundings and was used as a showpiece, almost like a medieval circus act. That's from Lynette.
QUIST-ARCTON: Many callers and texters were quite angry, others forgiving, but most seemed uncomfortable. Is this the proper way to treat a frail, sick and elderly Nelson Mandela, they asked. The words that cropped up most frequently were dignity, disrespect, intrusion, invasion, privacy and PR stunt.
Some South Africans have accused President Zuma and the ANC party of playing politics, with an eye on elections next year. Jackson Mthembu, the ANC spokesman, jumped to the party's defense on Radio 702, referring to Mandela by his clan name Madiba.
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JACKSON MTHEMBU: Madiba, an icon of all South Africans, an icon of the world, an icon of the ANC. We don't think that we have done a wrong thing by sharing this icon with the world.
QUIST-ARCTON: But Guido Piras, filling up his car at a gas station, says he thinks Mandela was used as a puppet.
GUIDO PIRAS: I find it quite depressing. I think he is elderly. He is a man with a lot of dignity, and he should be left alone.
QUIST-ARCTON: Ofeibea Quist-Arcton, NPR News, Johannesburg.
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